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Case Details

Capitalizing on the bio-economic value of multi-purpose medicinal plants for the rehabilitation of drylands in sub-Saharan Africa

Multi-purpose Medicinal Plants (MMPs) remain a crucial element of human and livestock healthcare systems in many developing countries. Industrialized countries also use medicinal plants, as many pharmaceuticals are based on, or derived from plant compounds. Over-exploitation of medicinal plants, and lack of meaningful legislation to regulate harvesting, and trade is having serious repercussions, especially for developing countries. The demand for plant-based herbal products has grown exponentially during the last several decades. While this demand might imply a resource sustainability problem, it also offers opportunities. Today, some of Africa's most disadvantaged people live in dryland regions, where in the past they maintained a vibrant culture that was essentially in dynamic equilibrium with their environment. However, with growing populations and borders that limit traditional migratory movement, the pressure on semi-arid lands has reached a critical stage, and these lands are now less able to support existing populations.
Type of Case
Printed publication (book, sourcebook, journal article…)
Global Environment Facility and The World Bank
Forest Type
All forest types (natural and planted)
Primary Designated Function
Multiple use