Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Toolbox

Forest and Landscape Restoration

This module is intended for people involved in the restoration of forest cover at the landscape scale. It sets out the main steps involved in planning forest and landscape restoration, including decisions on the types of intervention to be used, where to intervene in the landscape, and how much restoration might be undertaken to achieve local-to-national objectives. The module reviews some of the technologies and institutional arrangements that are likely to be needed, and financial aspects. It provides links to tools for, and case studies of, effective restoration and rehabilitation efforts at the landscape scale.

The aim of this report is to summarize the scope and scale of ASM in protected areas and critical ecosystems worldwide, describe its known effects, document and study attempted solutions, and offer an initial set of recommendations. While this report provides background on some of the current issues in the...
Brazil is vulnerable to climate change due to its complex, biologically diverse ecosystems, especially the Brazilian Amazon, which covers an area that is roughly the size of Western Europe. The annual deforestation rate in Brazil’s Amazon plunged from nearly 11,000 square miles in 2004 to 1,700 square miles in 2012...
In 2011, the Government of Rwanda pledged to bring 2 million hectares of deforested and degraded land into restoration by 2020. Compared to Rwanda’s total geographic area, This goal represents the highest proportion committed to the Bonn Challenge to date. Rwanda lost over 65% of its forests between 1956 and...
In 2000, WWF collaborated with IUCN (and other conservation and development groups) in defining forest landscape restoration as: “a planned process that aims to regain ecological integrity and enhance human wellbeing in deforested or degraded landscapes”. The concept of forest restoration at a landscape scale emerged in part from recognition...
Work on forest restoration is not new in the Asia-Paci c region. Classical achievements include the planting of teak in Java, and the ‘taungya’ system, rst introduced in Burma for afforesting swidden areas. A variety of restoration techniques is available, ranging from natural regeneration to mixed species plantations. The...
This paper examines how interventions intended to improve functionality and productivity of forested landscapes to improve livelihoods of the poorest populations, might actually yield co-benefits in terms of biodiversity conservation. It argues in favour of a ‘landscape’ approach to achieve these co-benefits. Using case study examples from eight landscapes involved in...
Uganda has made a significant pledge to the Bonn Challenge, committing to bring 2.5 million hectares of degraded and deforested land into restoration by 2020. IUCN is supporting farmer-managed natural regeneration (FMNR) to implementing forest landscape restoration (FLR) in three districts in the Aswa catchment area in Northern Uganda –...
This latest research tells us that there are more than 1 billion hectares of lost or degraded forest lands worldwide where restoration opportunities may be found. With this comes substantial potential to not only sequester large volumes of carbon but also to help lift people out of poverty and reduce...
The website provides information on forest and forest landscape restoration projects carried out worldwide.
FAO and the Global Mechanism of the UNCCD have joined efforts to prepare this discussion paper on sustainable financing for FLR. This document provides an overview of existing funding sources and financial instruments that could be used and adapted specifically for implementation of FLR efforts at the national, regional and global...
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