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Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Toolbox

Health Benefits from Forests

This module will be of interest to the general public because it provides basic and more detailed information on the ways in which forests and trees influence human health and well-being. It also gives links to tools, case studies, websites and literature to further assist users in understanding the relationships between forests, trees and human health. 

Airhihenbuwa, C.O. & Harrison, I.E. 1993. Traditional medicine in Africa: past, present and Future in:  Conrad, P. and Gallagher, EB (eds.) Health and Health Care in Developing countries 122 – 134 Temple university press, Philadelphia PA, USA.

Ali, R. 2008. Approaching Conservation through Health. In: Colfer, C.J.P. (ed.), Human Health and Forests: A Global Overview of Issues, Practice and Policy. London: Earthscan.

Andel, T.V., Myren, B., &. Onselen, S.V. 2012. Ghana's herbal market. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 140(2): 368-378.

Akerele, O. 1991. Preface in: Akerel, O. Heywood, V. & Synge H. (eds.): The Conservation of Medicinal Plants xv–xvi. Cambridge University press.

Anyinam, C. 1995. Ecology and ethnomedicine: exploring links between current environmental crisis and indigenous medical practices. Soc Sci & Medicine 40 (3): 321- 329.

Arman, S. 2003. Diversity and trade of market fruits in west Kalimantan in: Padoch, C and Peluso, N.L. (eds.) Borneo in transition:  People, Forests, Conservation and Development, 308 – 318 Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Bhattarai, N.K. & Karki, M.B. 2004. Conservation and management of Himalayan medicinal plants in Nepal. General Technical Report Pacific Northwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 604: 45-50.

Bodeker, G., Bhat, K.S.S., Burley, J., & Vantomme, P. (eds.). 1997. Medicinal plants for Forest Conservation and Health Care. FAO, Rome. 

Burgener, M. 2007. Trade measures – tools to promote the sustainable use of NWFP. Non-Wood Forest Products Working Document No. 6. Rome, Italy: FAO.

Chivian, E. & Bernstein, A. (eds.). 2008. Sustaining life: how human health depends on biodiversity. Oxford University Press.

Colfer, C.J.P., Sheil, D., Kaimowitz, D. & Kishi, M. 2006.  Forest and human health in the tropics: some important connections. Unasylva 224 (57). Forests and Human Health.

Colfer, C.J.P., Sheil, D. & Kishi, M. 2006. Forest and human health: Assessing the evidence.  CIFOR Occasional Paper no 45.

Colfer, C.J.P. (ed.). 2008. Human Health and Forests:  A Global Overview of Issues, Practice and Policy. London: Earthscan/CIFOR.

Cunningham, A.B., Shanley, P. & Laird, S. 2008. Health, habitats and medicinal plant use. In: COLFER, C. J. P. (ed.) Human Health and Forests:  A global Overview of Issues, Practice and Policy. London: Earthscan. 

FAO. 1990. The major significant of minor forest products: The local use and value of Forests in the West African Humid Forest Zone.  Community Forestry Note 6

Grifo, F. & Rosenthal, J. 1997. Biodiversity and human health. Island Press.

Hamilton A.C., ed. 2008. Medicinal plants in conservation and development: case studies and lessons learnt. Salisbury, UK, Plantlife International.

Karjalainen, E., Sarjala, T. & Raitio, H. 2010.  Promoting human health through forests: overview and major challenges. Environmental health and preventive medicine 15(1), p. 1-8.

Kate, K.T. & Laird, S.A. 1999. The commercial use of biodiversity: access to genetic resources and benefit sharing.  Earthscan, London.

Kilham, C. 2004. Translating tribal plants: issues of sustainability. Acta Horticulturae, 629: 17-21.

Laird, S.A. 1994. Natural Products and the Commercialization of Traditional Knowledge” in Greaves, T. (ed.), Intellectual Property Rights for Indigenous Peoples: A Sourcebook. Society for Applied Anthropology, Oklahoma City. pp. 145-149.

Laird, S.A. (ed). 2002. Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge. Equitable Partnerships in Practice. People and Plants Conservation Series. WWF  -UNESCO - Kew Royal Botanical Gardens. Earthscan Publ. Ltd.

Lambert, J., Srivastava, J. & Vietmeyer, N. 1997. Medicinal Plants – Rescuing a Global Heritage. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, Washington, U.S.A.

Molteno, S., Morris, J. & O'Brien, L. 2012. Public access to woodlands and forests: a rapid evidence review. A report by Forest Research on behalf of the Independent Panel on Forestry. The Research Agency of the Forestry Commission, U.K.

Muriuki J., Franzel, F., Mowo, J., Kariuki, P. & Jamnadass, R. 2012. Formalisation of local herbal product markets has potential to stimulate cultivation of medicinal plants by smallholder farmers in Kenya. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 21: 114–127.

Nilsson, K., Sangster, M., Gallis, C., Hartig, T., de Vires, S., Seeland K. & Schipperijn, J. (eds.).  2011. Forests, Trees and Human Health. Springer.  

O’Brien, L. 2006. Strengthening heart and mind: using woodlands to improve mental and physical wellbeing. In: Unasylva, 224 (57). Forests and Human Health.

Olsen, C.S. & Helles, F. 2009. Market efficiency and benefit distribution in medicinal plant markets: empirical evidence from South Asia. International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management, 5(2): 53-62.

Olsen, C.S. & Treue, T. 2003. Analysis of trade in non-timber forest products. (Forestry Sciences Volume 74). Helles, F. Strange, N. & Wichmann, L. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

Olsen, C.S. 1998. The trade in medicinal and aromatic plants from Central Nepal to Northern India. Economic Botany, 52(3): 279–292.

Pandey, M.M., Rastogi, S. & Rawat, A.K.S. 2013. Indian Traditional Ayurvedic System of Medicine and Nutritional Supplementation. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.

Parrotta, J.A. 2001. Healing Plants of Peninsular India. CAB International, Wallingford, UK & New York.  917 p.

Robinson, M.M. & Zhang, X. 2011. Traditional Medicines: Global Situation. Issues and Challenges, WHO, Geneva.

Scoones, I., Melynk, M. & Pretty, J.N. 1992. The Hidden Harvest: Wild Foods and Agricultural Systems: A literature review and annotated bibliography. IIED, London.

Seters, A.P.V. 1997. Forest based medicines in traditional and cosmopolitan health care.  Medicinal plants for forest conversation and health care.

Smith-Hall, C. Overgaard Larsen, H. &  Pouliot, M. 2012. People, plants and health: a conceptual framework for assessing changes in medicinal plant consumption. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 8:43.

Suneetha, M.S. & Chandrakanth, M.G.  2010. Establishing a multi-stakeholder value index in medicinal plants—an economic study on selected plants in Kerala and Tamilnadu States of India.  Ecological EconomicsVolume 60, Issue 1, Pages 36–48.

Swiderska, K. 2006. Banishing the biopirates: a new approach to protecting traditional knowledge. IIED. Gatekeeper Series 129.

Simpson, R.D., Sedjo, R.A. & Reid, J.W. 1996. Valuing biodiversity for use in pharmaceutical research. Journal of Political Economy 104 (11): 163 – 165.

Sunderland, T & Ndoye, O. (eds.). 2004. Forest Products, Livelihoods and Conservation: case studies of non-timber forest product systems. CIFOR, Bogor.

Tsunetsugu, Y., Lee, J., Park, B.J., Tyrvainen, L., Kagawa, T. & Miyazaki, Y. 2013. Physiological and psychological effects of viewing urban forest landscapes assessed by multiple measurements. Landscape and Urban Planning, 113: 90–93.

UNIDO. 1987. Better Utilization of Medicinal Plants: the Phytopharmaceutical Supply System in China. Sectoral Studies Series No.35. Studies and Research Division.

Vira, B., Mansourian, S. & Wildburger, C. (eds.). 2015. Forests, Trees and Landscapes for Food Security and Nutrition: A Global Assessment Report. IUFRO World Series Volume 33. Vienna. 169 p.

Wan, M., Colfer, C.J.P. & Shanley, P. 2011. Forests, Women and Health:  Opportunities and Challenges for Conservation. International Forestry Review, 13, 369-387.

WHO. 2002. WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2002– 2005. World Health Organization, Geneva.

WHO. 2003. WHO guidelines on good agricultural and collection practices (GACP) for medicinal plants. World Health Organization, Geneva.

WHO. 2005. National Policy on Traditional Medicine and Regulation of Herbal Medicines: Report of a WHO Global Survey. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Willcox, M., Bodeker, G., Rasoanaivo, P. & Addae-Kyereme, J. (eds.). 2004. Traditional medicinal plants and malaria. CRC Press.

Wilcox, B.A. & Ellis, B. 2006. Forests and emerging infectious diseases of humans. Unasylva 224 (57). Forests and Human Health.