Climate Smart Agriculture Sourcebook

Introducing Climate-Smart Agriculture



Africa Progress Panel. 2010. Africa Progress Report.

Ajayi, O.C., Akinnifesi, F.K., Sileshi, G. & Chakeredza, S. 2007. Adoption of renewable soil fertility replenishment technologies in the southern African region: Lessons learnt and the way forward. Natural Resources Forum, 31(4): 306-317.

Arslan, A., McCarthy, N., Lipper, L., Asfaw, S., Cattaneo, A., & Kokwe, M. 2015. Climate Smart Agriculture: Assessing the adaptation implications in Zambia. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 66(3): 753-780.

Asfaw, S., Di Battista, F. & Lipper, L. 2014. Food Security Impact of Agricultural Technology Adoption under Climate Change: Micro-evidence from Niger. Journal of African Economies, 25(5).

Asfaw, S. & Lipper, L. 2016. Managing Climate Risk Using Climate-Smart Agriculture. FAO technical report.

Asfaw, S. & Maggio, G. 2016. Gender Integration into Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA): Tools for Data Collection and Analysis for Policy and Research. Background Paper Prepared for the Source Book on Gender in CSA, Washington DC (also published as FAO publication).

Asfaw, S., Maggio, G. & Lipper, L. 2016. Gender, Climate shock and Welfare: Evidence from Malawi. Journal of Development Studies, 53 (7): 1-21.

Asfaw, S., McCarthy, N., Arslan, A., Cattaneo, A. & Lipper, L. 2015. What Determines Farmers' Adaptive Capacity? Empirical Evidence from Malawi. Journal of Food Security, 8(3): 643-664.

Beddington, J.R., Asaduzzaman, M., Clark, M,E, Fernández Bremauntz, A., Guillou, M.D., Howlett, D.J.B., Jahn, M.M., Lin, E., Mamo, T., Negra, C., Nobre, C.A., Scholes, R.J., Van Bo, N. & Wakhungu, J. 2012a. What next for agriculture after Durban? Science, 335.

Beddington, J., Asaduzzaman, M., Clark, M., Fernández, A., Guillou, M., Jahn, M., Erda, L., Mamo, T., Van Bo, N., Nobre, C.A., Scholes, R., Sharmam R. & Wakhungu, J. 2012b. Achieving food security in the face of climate change: final report from the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change. Copenhagen, Denmark, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

Beddington, J.R., Asaduzzaman, M., Clark, M.E., Fernández Bremauntz, A., Guillou, M.D., Jahn, M.M., Lin, E., Mamo, T., Negra, C., Nobre, C.A., Scholes, R.J., Sharma, R., Van Bo, N. & Wakhungu, J. 2012c. The role for scientists in tackling food insecurity and climate change. Agriculture and Food Security, 1: 10.

Bradshaw, B., Dolan, H. and Smit, B. 2004. Farm-level adaptation to climatic variability and change: crop diversification in the Canadian Prairies. Climatic Change, 67, 119-141.

Bruinsma, J. 2009. The resource outlook to 2050. Expert Meeting on How to Feed the World in 2050. FAO, Rome.

Buchner, B. K., Trabacchi, C., Mazza, F., Abramskiehn, D., Wang, D. 2015. Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2015. Climate Policy Initiative.

Burney, J.A., Davis, S.J. & Lobell, D.B. 2010. Greenhouse gas mitigation by agricultural intensification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(26): 12052–12057.

Campbell, B., Mann, W., Melendez-Ortiz, R., Streck, C. & Tennigkeit, T. 2011. Addressing Agriculture in Climate Change Negotiations: A Scoping Report. Meridian Institute.

FAO. 2010. “Climate-smart” agriculture: policies, practices and financing for food security, adaptation and mitigation. Rome.

FAO. 2011a. Potential effects of climate change on crop pollination, by M. Kjøhl, A. Nielsen, & N.C. Stenseth. Rome.

FAO. 2011b. Energy-smart food for people and climate. Issue brief. Rome.

FAO. 2011c. Save and grow: a policymaker’s guide to the sustainable intensification of smallholder crop production. Rome.

FAO. 2012. Greening the economy with agriculture. Rome.

FAO. 2014a. Building a common vision for sustainable food and agriculture – principles and approaches. Rome.

FAO. 2014b. Developing sustainable food value chains- Guiding principles. Rome.

FAO. 2016a. The State of Food and Agriculture. Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security. SOFA, Rome.

FAO. 2016b. Agriculture and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. FAO Committee on Agriculture. Twenty-fifth Session. Rome, 26-30 September 2016.

FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP & WHO. 2017. The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017. Building resilience for peace and food security. Rome.

FAO, WFP & IFAD. 2012. The state of food insecurity in the world 2012: economic growth is necessary but not sufficient to accelerate reduction of hunger and malnutrition. Rome.

Fischer, G., Shah, M., Tubiello, F.N. & van Velhuizen, H. 2005. Socio-economic and climate change impacts on agriculture: an integrated assessment, 1990-2080. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B, 360: 2067-2073

Foresight. 2011a. The future of food and farming: challenges and choices for global sustainability. Final Project Report. London, The Government Office for Science.

Franzel, S., Denning, G.L., Lillesø, J.P.B. & Mercado, A.R.  2004. Scaling up the impact of agroforestry: Lessons from three sites in Africa and Asia. Agroforestry Systems, 61–62(1–3): 329–344.

Gitz, V. 2013. Usage des terres et politiques climatiques globales: la physique, l’économie et les politiques de l’usage des puits de carbone pour lutter contre le changement climatique. Presses Académiques Francophones. Saarbrücken, Germany.

Hallegatte, S. & Rozenberg, J. 2016. Climate change through a poverty lens. Nature Climate Change, 7: 250-256.

Hansen, J., Baethgen, W., Osgood, D., Ceccato, P. & Ngugi, R.K. 2007. Innovations in climate risk management: Protecting and building rural livelihoods in a variable and changing climate. Journal of Semi-Arid Tropical Agricultural Research, 4(1).

High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE). 2012a. Food security and climate change. A report by the HLPE on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security, Rome.

HLPE. 2012b. Social protection for food security. A report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security, Rome.

HLPE. 2016. Sustainable agricultural development for food security and nutrition: what roles for livestock? A report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security, Rome.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2014: Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 151 pp.

Kuntashula E., Ajayi, O.C., Phiri, D., Mafongoya, P. & Franzel, S. 2002. Factors influencing farmers' decision to plant improved fallows: A study of four villages in Eastern Province of Zambia. In: Kwesiga F., Ayuk E. and Agumya A. (eds). Proceedings of the 14th Southern African Regional Review and Planning Workshop, 3-7 September 2001, Harare, Zimbabwe. ICRAF Regional Office, Harare, Zimbabwe, pp. 104–110.

Lipper, L. & Neves, N. 2011. Payments for environmental services: what role in sustainable agriculture development? ESA Working Paper No. 11–20. FAO.

Lipper L. & Zilberman, D. 2017. A short history of the evolution of the climate smart agriculture approach and its links to climate change and sustainable agriculture debates. In: Lipper, McCarthy, Zilberman, Asfaw and Branca (eds.). Climate smart agriculture: building resilience to climate change. Springer, USA.

McCarthy, N., L. Lipper & G. Branca. 2011. Climate Smart Agriculture: Smallholder Adoption and Implications for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation. MICCA Working paper, Nr. 4, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Myers, S.S., Zanobetti, A., Kloog, I., Huybers, P., Leakey, A.D.B., Bloom, A.J., Carlisle, E., et al. 2014. Increasing CO2 threatens human nutrition. Nature, 510, 139-142.

Nelson, G.C., Rosegrant, M.W., Palazzo, A., Gray, I., Ingersoll, C., Robertson, R., Tokgoz, S., Zhu, T., Sulser, T., Ringler, C., Msangi, S. & You, L. 2010. Food security, farming, and climate change to 2050: scenarios, results, policy options. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C.

Nicholls, C.I., Altieri, M.A., Vazquez, L. 2016. Agroecology: Principles for the Conversion and Redesign of Farming Systems. J Ecosys Ecograph, S5: 010.

Padgham, J. 2009. Agricultural development under a changing climate: opportunities and challenges for adaptation. Washington D.C., the World Bank.

Phiri, D., Franzel S., Mafongoya, P., Jere, I., Katanga, R. & Phiri, S. 2004. Who is using the new technology? A case study of the association of wealth status and gender with the planting of improved tree fallows in Eastern Province, Zambia. Agricultural Systems, 79: 131–144.

Pimentel, D. 2006. Soil erosion: a food and environmental threat. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 8(1): 119-137.

Porter, J.R., Xie, L., Challinor, A.J., Cochrane, K., Howden, S.M., Iqbal, M.M., Lobell, D.B. & Travasso, M.I. 2014. Food security and food production systems. In C.B. Field, V.R. Barros, D.J. Dokken, K.J. Mach, M.D. Mastrandrea, T.E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K.L. Ebi, Y.O. Estrada, R.C. Genova, B. Girma, E.S. Kissel, A.N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P.R. Mastrandrea & L.L. White, eds. Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: global and sectoral aspects, pp. 485–533. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK, and New York, USA, Cambridge University Press.

Schmidhuber, J. & Tubiello, F. N. 2007. Global food security under climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(50), 19703-19708.

Shiferaw, B. & Hailemariam, T. 2007. Structure and functioning of chickpea markets in Ethiopia: Evidence based on analyses of value chains linking smallholders and markets. IPMS Working Paper 6, ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya. 

Tirado, M.C., Clarke, R., Jaykus, L.A., McQuatters-Gollop, A., Frank, J.M. 2010. Climate change and food safety: A review. Food Research International, 43(7): 1745-1765

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). 2010. Assessing the Environmental Impacts of Consumption and Production: Priority Products and Materials. A Report of the Working Group on the Environmental Impacts of Products and Materials to the International Panel for Sustainable Resource Management. Nairobi.

United Nations. 2012. The future we want. New York.

Wollenberg, E., Richards, M., Smith, P., Havlik, P., Obersteiner, M., Tubiello, F., Herold, M. 2016. Reducing emissions from agriculture to meet the 2°C target. Global Change Biology, 22(12): 3859-3864.

World Bank. 2008. World development report 2008: agriculture for development. Washington D.C.

Zezza, A., Azzarri, C., Davis, B., Covarrubias, K., Tasciotti, L., Anriquez, G. 2008. The Impact of Rising Food Prices on the Poor. FAO–ESA Working Paper 08-07. FAO, Rome.

Ziervogel, G., Bithell, M., Washington, R. & Downing, T. 2005. Agent-based social simulation: a method for assessing the impact of seasonal climate forecast applications among smallholder farmers. Agricultural Systems, 83(1), 1-26.