Food Loss and Waste in Fish Value Chains
©FAO/Ansen Ward
  • Supportive Policy Environment
  • Application of Appropriate Technology
  • Skills and Knowledge
  • Services and Infrastructure
  • Regulatory Environment
  • Social and Gender Equity
  • Markets

Equitable Social & Gender Environment for Cold Storage

Gender is important because men and women often perform different tasks within fish value chains, and have different assets, skills, experience, knowledge and decision-making roles. However, the invisibility of women’s roles in official fisheries and aquaculture statistics, coupled with the negative impacts of gender-blind policies, leave women facing discrimination and marginalization within the sector. Modern small-scale fisheries using improved technologies (such as motor engines, modern navigation and communication equipment, and processing and cold storage facilities) and meeting international food safety standards can produce high-quality, high-value products for export markets. However, these new technologies have targeted male fishers, while much less attention has been given to increasing women’s access to productivity-enhancing innovations in capture fisheries (where women predominate), in order to improve the overall productivity and quality of products in small-scale processing and marketing. (Read more on this in FAO's publication: Good practice policies to eliminate gender inequalities in fish value chains)

Cold storage offers business opportunities for women in terms of investment into the cold chain activities and, in some situations, cold storage is important in terms of providing steady access to raw material for women traders and processors who sell and process frozen fish.  Non gender bias policies and implementation processes are required to give equal access to productive resources (cold store technology), credit, skills and knowledge, and market access so that both men and women are able to perform optimally in terms of producing and selling quality, food safe products and minimize food loss and waste (FLW).  

Key Publications

Good Practice Policies to Eliminate Gender Inequalities in Fish Value Chains

This FAO publication highlights key gender inequalities in fisheries and aquaculture value chains that lead to underperformance by women, and proposes good practice policies that can lead to increases in production and processing of high-quality fish.



Gender and Development

Overview of role of gender in the work place and an introduction to an integrated approach to gender equality and decent work with a link to further resources.

A Guide to Gender Sensitive Microfinance

Included is guidance for those involved in microfinance programmes to ensure consideration of socio-economic and gender issues when developing microfinance programmes, designing national policies, and disaggregating microfinance markets to learn more about clients.

More Resources

More Resources

Women play a critical role throughout the fisheries and aquaculture value chain, accounting for almost half of the total workforce. As they have a particularly strong presence in pre-harvest activities, women have the opportunity to...
The 4th All Africa Postharvest Congress and Exhibition (AAPHCE) is a follow up to the series of biennial events together diverse stakeholders aimed at addressing the pertinent issue of postharvest loss reduction in the African...
One of the major issues prevailing in the fisheries and aquaculture industry in Sri Lanka is the high loss and waste of fish, and it has become necessary to introduce strategies aimed at preventing and...