Food safety and quality

Risk Assessment for Cronobacter Sakazakii in Powdered Infant Formula

Cronobacter sakazakii (previously Enterobacter sakazakii) is a gram-negative, non-spore-forming bacterium belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. On occasion, it has been associated with sporadic cases or small outbreaks of sepsis, meningitis, cerebritis and necrotizing enterocolitis. The risk assessment addresses powdered infant formula (PIF) that is intrinsically contaminated with C. sakazakii.  This risk assessment considers the preparation, storage and feeding of PIF to infants. The model:

  • Describes the effect that each of the preparation and storage stages has upon the intrinsic microbiological quality of the PIF in terms of C. sakazakii.
  • Assesses the impact of different-end product sampling regimes on risk reduction and product rejection
  • Assesses the impact of control measures taken during reconstitution of powdered infant formula on risk reduction