Foro Global sobre Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutrición (Foro FSN)

E-Consultation on inequality in FSN

i. Inequality from food security and nutrition perspective means disparity in access to resources, opportunities and outcomes in agri-food system relative to socio-economic characteristics of an individual, community, nation or region.

ii. Trends within and between countries (data collection, measurement tools); World Inequality Report, 2022, World Inequality Database (WID)

iii. Links between health and nutrition inequalities and labour productivity, educational attainment, economic growth and human wellbeing;

Inequalities in health and nutrition impact negatively on the vulnerable individuals, communities, nations and regions consequently on labour productivity in agriculture and other sectors. Educational attainment is a common denominator that can significantly affect health and nutrition security, enhance productivity, economic growth and wellbeing at individual and all levels to facilitate equal and equitable access to resources and outcomes.

iv. Commitments to reduce inequality (SDGs)- UN systems , EU, AU Organizations- FARA, AFAAS

Efforts to improve measurement-Professional bodies, including those I belong:

a. Agricultural Extension Society of Nigeria (AESON), 
b. National Rural Sociological Association (NRSA)
c.Organization of Women in Science for Developing World (OWSD); 
d. Nigerian Forum for Agriculture and Advisory Services (NIFAAS)
e. AFAAS and GFRAS.
f. Agriculture, Nutrition and Health (ANH) Academy

v. Relationship between inequality and inequity-

Inequity refers to unfairness which could arise from poor governance, corruption or cultural exclusion while inequality simply refers to the uneven distribution of resources and assets based on socio-cultural and economic variables age, gender. Inequality breeds inequity which perpetrates inequality.

2. Share good practices and successful experiences on policy, legislation, interventions and initiatives that have proven successful at: 

a. reducing inequality gap and its potential impact on food security and nutrition outcomes- Some interventions in Agriculture in Nigeria e.g Fadama Programme, IFAD assited RTEP, Community-Based Natural Resourses Management Programme in Nigeria.

3. Share the most recent references that should be considered in this report.

https://data.oecd.org/inequality/income-inequality.htm

https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI