General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean - GFCM

The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries

SoMFi provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the status and trends of fisheries in the GFCM area of application. This biennial flagship publication is prepared by the GFCM Secretariat based on the data regularly submitted by GFCM member countries and on the most recent information produced by the GFCM scientific bodies. It is intended as an essential information source on the main issues related to fisheries in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea and as a key tool to support strategic decision-making and to monitor progress towards the main goals and objectives set by the GFCM.

The percentage of overfished stocks in the Mediterranean and Black Sea has fallen below 60 percent for the first time, following a decreasing trend that started a decade ago, according to a report launched today. For the first time, this years report also includes data on the regions marine aquaculture sector.

While overfishing remains a concern, The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries 2023 report (SoMFi 2023) records a drop of 15 percent in this figure over the last year, an improvement consistent with a continuous reduction in fishing pressure, which has fallen by 31 percent since 2012.

Read the SOMFI 2023 press release

Infographics on the region

Fisheries and aquaculture

Snapshot of fisheries

Snapshot of aquaculture

Human dimension of fisheries


Fisheries resources

Fisheries management

Missed the presentation of #SOMFI2023? The recording is available in English