General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean - GFCM

The General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean is a regional fisheries management organization. With 22 member countries & the EU, its main objective is to ensure the conservation and the sustainable use of living marine resources as well as the sustainable development of aquaculture in the Mediterranean and in the Black Sea.


Latest news

Five things to know about rapa whelk

09/05/2022 | Over 900 non-indigenous species – be that fish, molluscs such as mussels, or crustaceans such as prawns – have been spotted in the Mediterranean Sea, and almost 300 in the Black Sea. Rapa whelk is one of them. But what is it exactly, and why should we learn about it?

Recent boom in aquaculture under threat in the Black Sea region

25/04/2022 | The Black Sea region has seen over recent years a boom in aquaculture and in the trade of seafood, but conflict is set to hamper this growth in Ukraine and threatens to disrupt seafood trade and supply chains in the region, says the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM).

Turning sea urchins into premium seafood: a win for Mediterranean aquaculture farmers, fishers and marine ecosystems

22/04/2022 | Q&A with Georgios Paximadis, Aquaculture Expert at the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

Launch of new tenders l Scientific demersal trawl survey and intercalibration survey in Albanian and Montenegrin waters

14/04/2022 | The GFCM/FAO has launched two new tenders with the purpose to contribute to the execution of scientific demersal trawl survey at sea. Closing date is the12th of May.

Aquaculture can play a greater role in fighting hunger and malnutrition: how the GFCM is helping Lebanon, Syria and Palestine boost fish farming

06/04/2022 | The benefits of aquaculture can be priceless: greater food security and nutrition, stronger local economies, and more jobs.

The SSF Forum in the Black Sea is coming together to tackle rapa whelk

29/03/2022 | workshops involving fishers, consumers, fishery management authorities and more will kick off on 29 March 2022.

Underwater noise pollution: a transboundary source of pollution detrimental to fish and marine-based livelihoods

15/03/2022 | We are expanding the evidence base on the impact of anthropogenic underwater noise in marine ecosystems, the interruption of which can have grave socioeconomic implications.

Only hearing about fishermen?

08/03/2022 | This International Women’s Day, meet: Huriye, Andrejka, Hanadi, Nadia and Stefania – some of the women working in the fisheries and aquaculture sector in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

Fishing for the future in the Mediterranean

02/03/2022 | Fisheries Restricted Areas offer a win-win situation for the fishers and the environment as marine biodiversity recovers and fishers benefit from increasingly abundant and valuable catches.

Sharing results of the GFCM research programme on European eel

23/02/2022 | Experts and partners gathered to share the results of the research programme on European eel with the Mediterranean community and more widely.

The GFCM teams up with OceanCare to protect the Mediterranean and the Black Sea

22/02/2022 | Formal cooperation with key organizations on matters of common interest are essential for the successful implementation of the GFCM mandate and the exchange of best practices across the region.

Working together for a sustainable future: the 70-year journey of the GFCM

18/02/2022 | 2022 marks the 70th anniversary of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean of FAO. It’s a significant milestone for an organization that has an important role to play in our collective future. 

Meet four women in fisheries at the forefront of change in science

11/02/2022 | Women are transforming the field of science at the GFCM. On International Day of Women and Girls in science, let’s meet just four of GFCM’s women leading the way.

View all GFCM news.

Latest publications

Aquaculture market in the Black Sea: country profiles

Overview of the state of aquaculture markets in 2020 for the six countries surrounding the Black Sea: Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, the Russian Federation, Turkey and Ukraine, including data and trends of aquaculture production, trade and marketing.  +info

Non-indigenous species in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea

This review – in addition to providing images and descriptions of relevant species to aid in identification – presents a unique historical and regional perspective on these species’ impacts, based off many years’ worth of research.  +info

Handbook for data collection on recreational fisheries in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea

The main goal of this handbook is to provide a clear methodological framework to allow Mediterranean and Black Sea countries to implement suitably harmonized sampling and survey monitoring schemes for recreational fisheries. +info

The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries (SoMFi) 2020

Biennial publication providing a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the status and trends of fisheries, based on the data regularly submitted by GFCM member countries and on the most recent information produced by the GFCM scientific bodies. +info


The Small Scale Fishers' Forum (SSF Forum)

A place for small-scale fishers and fish workers from the region to come together, share knowledge and exchange best practices to build capacity on common issues and jointly identify opportunities and alternative scenarios for their resources management. +info