One Health

Antimicrobial resistance

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major global threat to humans, animals, plants, and the environment. Reducing the need for antimicrobials and limiting the emergence of resistant pathogens is critical to maintaining the world's ability to treat human, animal and plant diseases, reduce food safety and security risks and protect the environment.

As AMR has multiple drivers and needs to be tackled on many fronts, a One Health approach is essential to ensure that all sectors and stakeholders communicate and work effectively together.

To address the challenges that zoonotic diseases and AMR pose to sustainable agriculture and agrifood systems, FAO established the Joint FAO/WHO Centre for Zoonotic Diseases and AMR (CJWZ). The Centre coordinates FAO's work on AMR. It also coordinates external relations with the quadripartite collaboration and other stakeholders for better health security.

FAO, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (WOAH) have been working together to address risks at the human, animal, plant, and environment interface. This quadripartite collaboration focuses on areas that add value and enables a more comprehensive understanding of the multiple drivers of AMR and shared challenges and opportunities in key policy and technical areas.

⦿ Estimates of antibiotic consumption in global agriculture range from 63,000 tonnes/year to over 240,000 tonnes/year.

⦿ 70-80 percent of antibiotics given to fish are excreted into water and spread rapidly through water systems.

⦿ 75-90 percent of tested antibiotics are excreted from animals un-metabolized and enter sewage systems and water sources.

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Antimicrobial resistance

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major global threat of increasing concern to human and animal health.

Antimicrobial resistance quadripartite

The aim of the AMR quadripartite is to maintain the effectiveness of antimicrobials and ensure sustainable and equitable access to antimicrobials for responsible and prudent use in human, animal and plant health.

FAO Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance 2021–2025

This document outlines the FAO action plan on antimicrobial resistance which serves as a roadmap for focusing global efforts to address AMR in the food and agriculture sectors.

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