The Right to Food around the Globe

  Suriname

The Constitution of the Republic of Suriname explicitly guarantees the right to adequate food.

The Republic of Suriname has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1976 by way of accession.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

Explicit protection of the right to adequate food

Article 24: “The state shall take care of the creation of conditions in which an optimal satisfaction of the basic needs for work, food, health care, education, energy, clothing and communication is obtained.”

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 4: “The concern of the State is aimed at:
b. A Secured means of livelihood for the entire nation”

Article 6: “The social objectives of the State shall aim at:
a. The identification of the potentialities for development of the own natural environment and the enlarging of the capacities to ever more expand those potentialities; b. Guaranteeing the participation of the community in the political life among other ways through national, regional and sectoral participation; c. Guaranteeing a government policy aimed at raising the standard of living and of well-being of the society, based upon social justice, the integral and balanced development of State and society; d. An equitable distribution of the national income, directed towards a fair distribution of well-being and wealth over all strata of the population; e. Regional spreading of public utilities and economic activities; f. The improvement of codetermination by the employees in companies and production units in the taking of decisions about production, economic development and planning; g. Creating and improving the conditions necessary for the protection of nature and for the preservation of the ecological balance.”

Article 36:
1. Everyone shall have a right to health.
2. The State shall promote the general health care by systematic improvement of living and working conditions and shall give information on the protection of health.”

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Accession (1976)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (1993)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratification (1993)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Signature (2007)

Legislation and policies recognizing the right to adequate food

Guidance on how to progressively realise the human right to adequate food in contexts of national food security has been provided by the Right to Food Guidelines, adopted by the FAO Council and endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security.

Considering that the human right to adequate food can be implemented through a variety of legal and policy actions, we invite you to visit the FAOLEX Country Profile database for a wide-ranging collection of measures that have been taken at national level. Some of the documents you may find are legislation and policies that touch on a number of relevant Guidelines, such as those on Access to resources and assets (Guideline 8), Food safety and consumer protection (Guideline 9), Support for vulnerable groups (Guideline 13) and Natural and human-made disasters (Guideline 16).

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