Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Toolbox

Criteria & Indicators: A Tool for Enhancing Sustainable Forest Management, from Policy to Practice

This module is addressed to all those interested in sustainability in the forest sector. It defines criteria and indicators (C&I), sets out their main uses, gives examples of existing C&I, and provides links to tools and case studies to help users in understanding and maximizing the potential of this instrument for SFM. 

Arnold, F.E., van der Werf, N. & Rametsteiner, E. 2014. Strengthening evidence-based forest policy-making: linking forest monitoring with national forest programmes. Forestry Policy and Institutions Working Paper No. 33. Rome, FAO.

FAO. 2016. Criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management.

FAO. 2016. Forest-related indicators, monitoring and reporting progress related to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. Document COFO/2016/5.2. Twenty-third Session of the Committee on Forestry. Rome.

FAO. Voluntary guidelines on national forest monitoring. Draft version for discussion of sections I and II.

FAO. 2012. FRA 2015 terms and definitions. Forest Resources Assessment Working Paper 180. Rome.

FAO. 2010. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010. Rome. 

Grainger, A. 2012. Forest sustainability indicator systems as procedural policy tools in global environmental governance. Global Environmental Change, 22 (1): 147–160.

Han, X., Smyth, R.L., Young, B.E., Brooks, T.MM., Sánchez de Lozada, A., Bubb, P., Butchart, S.H.M., Larsen, F.W., Hamilton, H., Hansen, M.C. & Turner W.R. 2014. A biodiversity indicators dashboard: addressing challenges to monitoring progress towards the Aichi biodiversity targets using disaggregated global data. PLoS ONE, 9(11): e112046. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0112046

Herrero Echevarría, J. A. 2015. El uso de los criterios e indicadores como marco y guía para la implementación y promoción del diálogo sobre políticas, planes y programas forestales en Cuba. Estudio de caso. Proyecto “Fortalecimiento de los criterios e indicadores para la gestión forestal sostenible y su uso en la política y la practica forestales”. FAO. 

Howell, C., Wilson, A. & Butcher, G. 2015. Achievements in Australia from using a criteria and indicator framework for forest reporting. Paper presented at the XIV World Forestry Congress, Durban, South Africa, 7–11 September 2015. 

Julve Larrubia, C., Ross, K., Wolfslehner, B., Guldin, R. & Rametsteiner, E. 2016. Using criteria and indicators (C&I) for sustainable forest management (SFM): a way to strengthen results-based governance of national forest programmes (NFPs). FAO Working Paper. Rome, FAO. 

Malleux, J. 2015. Monitoreo para la conservación del bosque nativo en Argentina. Estudio de caso V. Proyecto “Fortalecimiento de los criterios e indicadores para la gestión forestal sostenible y su uso en la política y la practica forestales”. FAO. 

Web references

Implementing criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management in Europe (last accessed 13.02.2017) 

International Tropical Timber Organization (last accessed 13.02.2017) 

Sustainable Development Goals (last accessed 13.02.2017) 

Sustainable Development Goals indicators (last accessed 13.02.2017) 

Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform – Sustainable Development Goals (last accessed 13.02.2017) 

The Montréal Process Working Group. 2015. Criteria and indicators for the sustainable management of temperate and boreal forests. 5th edition. (last accessed 13.02.2017) 

Montréal Process (last accessed 13.02.2017) 

US Forest Service. Forest sustainability and planning: types of sustainability criteria and indicator efforts (last accessed 13.02.2017)