Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Toolbox

Forest and Landscape Restoration

This module is intended for people involved in the restoration of forest cover at the landscape scale. It sets out the main steps involved in planning forest and landscape restoration, including decisions on the types of intervention to be used, where to intervene in the landscape, and how much restoration might be undertaken to achieve local-to-national objectives. The module reviews some of the technologies and institutional arrangements that are likely to be needed, and financial aspects. It provides links to tools for, and case studies of, effective restoration and rehabilitation efforts at the landscape scale.

A total of 17 landscapes in nine countries with Bonn Challenge commitments (three each in Africa, Asia and Latin America) were analysed as “snapshots” of FLR implementation. Following a common methodology developed by the IUFRO Team, local forest scientists selected landscapes with past and ongoing restoration activities. Local teams collected...
Brazil is vulnerable to climate change due to its complex, biologically diverse ecosystems, especially the Brazilian Amazon, which covers an area that is roughly the size of Western Europe. The annual deforestation rate in Brazil’s Amazon plunged from nearly 11,000 square miles in 2004 to 1,700 square miles in 2012...
In 2011, the Government of Rwanda pledged to bring 2 million hectares of deforested and degraded land into restoration by 2020. Compared to Rwanda’s total geographic area, This goal represents the highest proportion committed to the Bonn Challenge to date. Rwanda lost over 65% of its forests between 1956 and...
Uganda has made a significant pledge to the Bonn Challenge, committing to bring 2.5 million hectares of degraded and deforested land into restoration by 2020. IUCN is supporting farmer-managed natural regeneration (FMNR) to implementing forest landscape restoration (FLR) in three districts in the Aswa catchment area in Northern Uganda –...
This study reviews the key literature related to Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) in order to establish its benefits and limitations as well as identify any gaps in evidence. The study then outlines potential challenges in meeting the identified gaps and recommends next steps to guide further evaluation and measurement. FMNR...
This paper examines how interventions intended to improve functionality and productivity of forested landscapes to improve livelihoods of the poorest populations, might actually yield co-benefits in terms of biodiversity conservation. It argues in favour of a ‘landscape’ approach to achieve these co-benefits. Using case study examples from eight landscapes involved in...
In 2000, WWF collaborated with IUCN (and other conservation and development groups) in defining forest landscape restoration as: “a planned process that aims to regain ecological integrity and enhance human wellbeing in deforested or degraded landscapes”. The concept of forest restoration at a landscape scale emerged in part from recognition...
Increased investment in landscape restoration is essential for meeting ambitious global targets that already exist, including the Bonn Challenge to bring 150 million ha into restoration by 2020. Climate and development finance will not be sufficient to meet this level of ambition. Private finance has a very important role to...
FAO and the Global Mechanism of the UNCCD have joined efforts to prepare this discussion paper on sustainable financing for FLR. This document provides an overview of existing funding sources and financial instruments that could be used and adapted specifically for implementation of FLR efforts at the national, regional and global...
The website provides information on forest and forest landscape restoration projects carried out worldwide.
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