Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Toolbox

Tool Details

WFP Handbook on safe access to firewood and alternative energy (SAFE)

Year of publication 2012
Safe access to cooking fuel is critical for the most vulnerable in humanitarian, transition and development settings. Without it, people face risks to their health, safety and well-being. A survey conducted in 17 countries where the World Food Programme (WFP) operates confirmed that beneficiaries often resort to negative coping mechanisms to cook WFP food. To collect firewood women may have to venture into dangerous environments in which they risk gender-based violence, including rape. To save fuel, beneficiaries may undercook food or skip meals. To buy firewood, they may sell part of their rations. This handbook will guide current and future WFP programming. It will help professionals understand the broader impacts of limited access to cooking fuel and how SAFE can mitigate them. The handbook also guides the implementation of the SAFE initiative as part of WFP’s commitment to school meals programmes where safe access to cooking fuel and environmental degradation can be an issue. This commitment is grounded in the joint collaboration of UNICEF and WFP on the Essential Package of twelve integrated interventions, including the promotion and provision of improved stoves, to enhance the efficacy of school meals programmes.
Type of Tool
Guidelines, manual, kits for trainers
Scale of Application
Forest Management Unit
Forest Type
All forest types (natural and planted)
Primary Designated Function
Multiple use
Management Responsibility
Community/Smallholders, Other (NGO, CSO, education/research institution, etc.)