Governance of Tenure

Governance of Tenure technical guides

The Governance of Tenure technical guides are part of FAO’s initiative to help develop capacities to improve tenure governance and thereby assist countries in applying the Voluntary Guidelines. They are prepared by technical specialists and can be used by a range of actors to translate principles of the Guidelines into practical mechanisms, processes and actions; give examples of good practice – what has worked, where, why and how; provide useful tools for activities such as the design of policy and reform processes, for the design of investment projects and for guiding interventions.


Governing Land for Women and Men. A Technical Guide to Support the Achievement of Responsible Gender-Equitable Governance of Land Tenure.

This guide aims to assist in its implementation through the achievement of responsible gender-equitable governance of land tenure.

Improving governance of forest tenure: a practical guide

This guide aims to inspire and arm those who want to try to improve things so that power is used well for forests; it describes how practical tools can be used to shape better governance of forest tenure.

Respecting free, prior and informed consent.

The guidelines state that responsible investments should do no harm, safeguard against dispossession of legitimate tenure right holders and environmental damage, and should respect human rights.

Safeguarding land tenure rights in the context of agricultural investment

This guide has been developed in response to concerns regarding large-scale land acquisitions and the need to increase investment in agriculture.

Responsible governance of tenure and the law

The guide addresses the legal value of the Guidelines covering the governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests by explaining the concept of legitimacy.

Improving governance of pastoral lands

This guide provides solutions to securing pastoral governance and tenure without undermining the inherent, necessary complexity of customary arrang ements.

Responsible governance of tenure: a technical guide for investors

This guide explains how investors can invest responsibly in agricultural land in line with the Voluntary Guidelines. It is not an attempt to set new standards.

Governing Tenure Rights to Common

A technical guide to support the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security.

Creating a system to record tenure rights and first registration

This guide is about extending the recording or registration of tenure rights to people who currently are not served by systems to record their rights.

Improving ways to record tenure rights

This guide is about making the recording or registration of tenure rights more relevant to people who hold those tenure rights, and particularly to people who are currently poorly served by systems to record or register tenure rights.

Valuing Land Tenure Rights

This guide covers the issues associated with the identification and valuation of tenure rights for different purposes, and provides guidance on how to ensure that valuations are undertaken in a fair, reliable and transparent manner that comply with norms.

Strengthening civic spaces in spatial planning processes

A technical guide on regulated spatial planning and tenure to balance societal priorities in the use of land, fisheries and forests. A guidance on the importance of recognizing legitimate tenure rights in spatial planning processes.

Responsible governance of tenure and preventive justice

This guide is a product of the fruitful collaboration between FAO and UINL (MoU signed in 2016) which led to illustrate that the preventive administration of justice and notaries, as independent public legal officers, can play a key role in achieving the VGGT recommendations.