Structure and finance
Representatives of members meet at the biennial FAO Conference to review global governance policy issues and international frameworks, as well as to evaluate work carried out and to approve the budget for the next biennium. The Conference elects Council Members, to serve three-year rotating terms to carry out executive oversight of programme and budgetary activities. The Conference also elects a Director-General to a four year term of office, renewable once. The current Director-General, José Graziano da Silva, assumed his functions on 1 January 2012 for a term which expires on 31 July 2015.
FAO is composed of seven departments: Agriculture and Consumer Protection; Economic and Social Development; Fisheries and Aquaculture; Forestry; Corporate Services, Human Resources and Finance;Natural Resources Management and Environment; and Technical Cooperation.
Besides its headquarters in Rome, FAO is present in over 130 countries. The decentralized network includes five regional offices, 10 subregional offices, two multidisciplinary teams, 74 fully fledged country offices (excluding those hosted in regional and subregional offices), eight offices with technical officers/FAO Representatives, and 38 countries covered through multiple accreditation. In addition, the Organization maintains five liaison offices and four information offices in developed countries.
As of 1 July 2012, FAO employed 1847 professional staff (including Junior Professional Officers, Associate Professional Officers and National Professional Officers) and 1729 support staff. Figures only refer to staff holding fixed term and continuing appointments. Approximately 55 percent are based at headquarters in Rome, while the remainder work in offices worldwide. During the last 15 years, the proportion of women in the professional staff category has nearly doubled, from 19 percent to 36 percent.
Programmes and projects
In 2010-11, FAO implemented programmes and projects with a total value of US$1,707 million. About five percent are funded by assessed contributions through the FAO Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) and the Special Programme for Food Security (SPFS). The remaining 95 percent are funded from voluntary contributions, through the Government Cooperative Programme (25 percent), Unilateral Trust Fund (UTF) (six percent), other forms of Trust Funds (64 percent), that include UN Joint Programmes.
Funding and expenditure
FAO's overall programme of work is funded by assessed and voluntary contributions. The assessed contributions are member countries' contributions, set at the biennial FAO Conference. The FAO regular budget for the 2012-2013 biennium is USD 1 billion. The voluntary contributions provided by members and other partners support technical and emergency (including rehabilitation) assistance to governments, as well as direct support to FAO's core work. The voluntary contributions are expected to exceed USD 1.4 billion in 2012-13.