Statistics

How local and global agricultural markets can contribute to sustainable development while leaving no one behind.
In addition to supporting the regular collection of high-quality dietary data following standardized methodologies, the publication also aims to promote dialogues on and appropriate application of the data towards informing policy and programming decisions and monitoring and evaluation of nutrition outcomes and progress at global, regional, and country levels.
Global and regional consumer price indices (CPI) measure food inflation for a group of countries at different geographical scales: sub-regional (e.g. Middle Africa), regional (e.g. Africa) and global (all countries). Country and regional consumer price indices are updated in FAOSTAT on a quarterly basis. 
The Statistics Division (ESS), through its newly revamped website, collects and disseminates timely and reliable food and agricultural statistics globally. The Food and Agriculture Statistics website is the most important source of information related to food security and nutrition, crop and livestock, economic, social and environmental statistics.

Visit FAO’s COVID-19 Portal for an overview of FAO’s action in regard to the outbreak. For more resources, please refer to this page.

FAO’s statistical work

Sound and timely statistics are key to inform decisions, policies and investments that tackle issues related to food and agriculture, from hunger and malnutrition to rural poverty, from food systems productivity to the sustainable use of natural resources or to climate change.

FAO is dedicated to collecting, analysing, interpreting and disseminating food and agriculture statistics that are relevant for decision-making.

It is for this reason that developing and implementing methodologies and standards to assist countries in generating sound data and information is at the core of FAO’s statistical work.

FAO also supports member countries in the collection, dissemination and uptake of data to formulate policies and plans or to better orient investments.

Major areas of FAO’s statistical work

A comprehensive list of FAO Statistical activities is included in the Statistical Programme of Work.

Data Collection

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Data dissemination

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Methods and Standards

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Statistical Capacity development

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How we work

The FAO’s statistical system operates under the oversight of the Office of Chief statistician and it consists of a statistics division, statistics units embedded in technical departments and a Data Lab for Statistical Innovation.

Quality standards and professional ethics

FAO Statistics Quality Assurance Framework (SQAF), adopted in 2014, and the Corporate Statistical Standards adopted more recently, set out the principles and recommended best practices to ensure that FAO statistical production processes and statistical outputs are of the highest possible quality. The SQAF is based on the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics and the Principles Governing International Statistical Activities (CCSA), which guide the statistical activities of national and international organizations, and is inspired by the quality frameworks adopted by other supranational and international organizations [e.g. European Central Bank (ECB), Eurostat, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)]. In 2020, FAO has also endorsed the ISI’s Declaration on Professional Ethics (2010) to encourage all its statisticians to adopt high-standard professional values and ethics in statistics.

International collaboration

At international level, FAO is the leading UN agency responsible for the development of methods and standards on food and agriculture statistics and for their implementation in countries.

In this role, the Organization acts as the Secretariat of the United Nations Committee of Experts on Food Security, Agricultural and Rural Statistics (UN-CEAG) and the Coordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics (CWP).

The Organization is also an active member of many Committees and institutional bodies for the coordination of the statistical work at international level.