As economic reforms in the 1990s shifted land ownership into the hands of private smallholders, family farmers became the predominant source of agricultural production in the region. To address the absence of well-developed institutional support, FAO is implementing a Regional Initiative on Empowering Smallholders and Family Farms for Improved Rural Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction.
While international trade policy is usually implemented at the border, adherence to food safety and quality standards concerns national food safety systems as well as food safety and quality control at the enterprise level. This means that a supportive policy environment for modern agrifood trade encompasses not only border policies, but also policies and institutions at the national and enterprise level.
Stories from the field
Tamaz and Nanuli Beruashvili have built their life from scratch three times now.
The couple are from Tskhinvali in Georgia, where they married, made a home and began a life together full of hope. In 1992, they had to flee during the civil war. They left behind their house in Tskhinvali and resettled in the nearby village of Eredvi.
During the Russian-Georgian war of 2008, the family had to evacuate for a second time, fleeing their burning village and abandoning their home once more.
As the latest European country to detect cases of African swine fever, Moldova has control over the disease for now, thanks in part to a short, targeted intervention by FAO.
African swine fever is a rapidly spreading transboundary animal disease. Moldova experienced two outbreaks in September 2016, and dealt with both in time to prevent further damage.