FAO in Egypt

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Investment Forum and Capacity Building for the Promotion of Agricultural Investment in Egypt

The agriculture sector plays an important role in Egypt’s economy However, despite progress made over the past years in terms of yield increases, availability of agricultural land and productivity, the country’s food supply remains under pressure owing to key challenges, such as land and water scarcity and deterioration of their quality, low agricultural productivity and livelihood diversification, and rapid population growth Against this background, agricultural planning and attempts to develop realistic investment strategies and polices are greatly impeded by limited data availability and reliability.

Latest publications

Increasing Knowledge on the Performance of Improved Irrigation Systems to Strengthen the Efficiency and Effectiveness of Future Investments in Agricultural Water Management

The overall objective of the On farm Irrigation Development in Old Lands (OFIDO) project is to contribute to the reduction of poverty and the empowerment of poor rural households through targeted interventions aiming to improve water use efficiency at farm levels and to increase the yields, productivity and income of smallholders and the poor. In order to draw lessons from the implementation of this project and to apply them to the national programme to modernize irrigation, FAO, upon request of the Government of Egypt, conducted an independent technical assessment to provide a comprehensive overview of the performance of improved irrigation systems in three governorates within the OFIDO project’s area of intervention, located in the north, centre and south of the country.

The long-term future of livestock and fishery in Egypt
Production targets in the face of uncertainty

Egypt's society and economy will grow swiftly and transform extensively in the next three decades. Along this transformative process, the demand for animal source food will exponentially increase and livestock is likely to become the most important sector of agriculture. In order to be prepared to take action to ensure sustainable livestock production and value chains in 2050, this report provides hints fo the feasible future scenarios for livestock in the coutry and how to be prepared to ensure sustaible livestock production. This report portrays country possibile livestock futures: it sheds light on emerging challenges and uncertain disruptive events associated with a transformed livestock sector, and identifies priority areas for action to take today for a sustainable livestock in the long-term.

On-farm Irrigation Development Project in the Old Lands (OFIDO)
Technical assessment – Final report

The Government of Egypt is committed to enhancing food security and developing the country’s agricultural sector through the sustainable management of its natural resources and the active improvement of its institutional capacities. The national “Poverty Reduction and Agriculture and Rural Development Strategy” well align with this objective by calling for the promotion of a more efficient and market-oriented agriculture and optimal use of land and water resources.

Empowering Women and Youth to Improve Household Food and Nutrition Security in Egypt

Economic stagnation, rising poverty, and a high unemployment rate have all contributed to a lack of household food and nutrition security in Egypt. This situation has negatively impacted the nutritional outcomes of vulnerable households, and especially children, whose health status has deteriorated in recent years. This project was designed to foster the creation of a food-secure environment that would improve access to food and increase local knowledge of nutrition in some of Upper Egypt’s poorest villages. The primary beneficiaries of the project interventions were women and children. Government staff from relevant ministries also benefited from training to increase their technical and managerial skills. The overall objectives of the project were to build capacities, to improve and increase food production and income generating activities, to raise awareness of health and nutrition, and to create a monitoring and evaluation system to track the results of project interventions.

Support Sustainable Water Management and Irrigation Modernization for Newly Reclaimed Areas - TCP/EGY/3604

A key challenge for the agriculture sector in Egypt is to feed its growing population in the context of increasing demand on the finite water resources and a trade deficit. Horizontal expansion into new land in the desert has long been strategic in meeting this challenge. Major land reclamation activities have been initiated under the National Reclamation Project, with the objective of increasing agricultural land area by two percent, making agricultural land nine percent of the total area of Egypt. These activities aim to sustainably use the groundwater resources of the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer and other GW systems in different parts of Egypt to irrigate an area of up to 1.5 million feddan (630 000 ha). To this end, the Government of Egypt requested FAO support to the land reclamation programme. Within the Regional Initiative on Water Scarcity, FAO would pilot a data and information management system, based on monitoring and remote sensing (RS) data to assist MWRI and MALR to monitor water consumption and water productivity in the newly reclaimed areas.

Palm Dates Value Chain Development in Egypt

Egypt’s varying climatic zones make it the perfect countryfor growing different varieties of dates. Date palms cantolerate arid conditions and require a relatively smallamount of water, making them an ideal crop for this areaof the world. Dates are a crucial part of the local diet inEgypt, and date by-products, such as bars, blocks, syrupsand pastes, are processed in factories and sold for localconsumption. For these reasons, the date palm tree isexpected to maintain a dominant place in Egyptianagriculture in the future.Despite being ranked the top date producing country inthe world, Egypt’s export contribution to the internationaldate market is low.

Coping with Water Scarcity in Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon

Modern agriculture uses 70 percent of all freshwater withdrawals globally, and up to 95 percent in some developing countries, in order to meet current food demand. In addition, to keep up with growing food demand and shifting diets within the next 30 years, it has been estimated that the effective irrigated area will need to increase by 34 percent in developing countries, and that an extra 14 percent of water will need to be withdrawn for agricultural purposes. In arid and semi-arid regions, increasing numbers of the rural poor have begun to see that entitlement and access to water for food production, livestock and domestic purposes are as critical as access to primary health care and education, while at the same time reverting to a massive use of groundwater resources for irrigation. The current project followed two previous phases of a programme aimed at assisting the agriculture sector to cope with water scarcity and was designed to strengthen national capacities in this sector in Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon.

Reducing Food Loss and Waste and Developing Value Chains in Egypt and Tunisia

Food Loss and Waste (FLW) is a challenge for food security and a source of economic loss throughout the world. This project focused on mitigating FLW in Egypt and Tunisia, where evidence indicates that food losses occur across value chains and that food waste occurs at the consumption stage. Two value chains that could benefit from development and support in order to reduce FLW and increase livelihoods were identified in both countries. In Egypt, the project focused on the tomato and grape value chains, and in Tunisia, it focused on cereals and dairy. The overall aim of the project was to build the capacities of public and private sector actors, including young people and women, to reduce FLW in the selected value chains as a means of increasing food security and creating economic opportunities while simultaneously attempting to reduce environmental impact.