The European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (EuFMD)

The Progressive Control Pathway for Foot and Mouth Disease (PCP-FMD)

What is the Progressive Control Pathway?

The Progressive Control Pathway for Foot-and-Mouth Disease (PCP-FMD) developed by FAO and EuFMD and further endorsed by the OIE, guides endemic countries through a series of incremental steps to better manage FMD risks. The OIE Performance of Veterinary Services Pathway (PVS) evaluates the national Veterinary Services of the country with the aim of bringing them into compliance with OIE quality standards. Reliable veterinary services ensure not only the quality and safety of livestock production but also sustainable food security and livelihoods and contribute to disease control and safe trade.

The Progressive Control Pathway recognizes that differences in risk of infection occur between (and within) infected countries, and that countries are at different stages in managing the risk of infection. The PCP applies a risk-reduction approach in which each Member Nation is encouraged to develop national risk reduction strategies that are supportive to the regional effort. The PCP-FMD tool is a core component of Global FMD Control Strategy.

A risk reduction approach

The PCP-FMD is not a top-down prescribed approach. Each member nation is encouraged to develop national risk-reduction strategies that are supportive to the regional effort. 


The Risk Assessment Plan (RAP)

The Risk Assessment Plan (RAP) is the outcome indicator to be eligible to enter PCP-FMD Stage 1, as defined in the PCP guidelines. The plan outlines the activities to be implemented to progress along PCP Stage 1.

In PCP-FMD stage 1, certain outcomes establish a value-chain analysis and stakeholder identification, a working hypothesis on how FMD virus circulates in the country, assessing the socio-economic impact of FMD, the identification of FMD virus circulating strains, enhancing the enabling environment, regional cooperation; the identification of Risk Hotspots, and the development of a Risk-Based strategy Plan.