Food Loss and Waste in Fish Value Chains
©FAO/Ansen Ward
  • Supportive Policy Environment
  • Application of Appropriate Technology
  • Skills and Knowledge
  • Services and Infrastructure
  • Regulatory Environment
  • Social and Gender Equity
  • Markets

Supportive Policy Environment for Landing Sites in Small-Scale Fisheries

Policy is a key entry point to stimulate change that brings about reduced food loss and waste (FLW). Three policy examples are included below that illustrate the importance of fish landing site development.

African Union

African Union

Consistent with the Malabo Declaration and Africa Agriculture Transformation Agenda by 2025 and the Policy Framework and Reform strategy for fisheries and aquaculture in Africa, AU-IBAR, in collaboration with the NEPAD, formulated a Plans of Actions to assist member states and other stakeholders to increase the benefits from the small-scale fisheries sector. Priority actions related to the promotion of value addition and reduction of postharvest losses include infrastructure development and marketing systems, the provision of cold chain facilities in landing sites and improvement of basic infrastructure (road, electricity, potable water and sanitary facilities).

Yemen

Yemen

Poor quality fish, bad handling practices throughout the supply chain (i.e. pre-, during- and post-harvest operations), lack of hygienic facilities at fish landing centres, and ineffective regulations of Quality Control and Quality Assurance were identified as key constraints to the expansion of fish/fishery trade. This was further exacerbated by the lack of awareness on quality control and hygiene throughout the fish supply chain, and improper on-shore and in-shore waste management practices, therefore leading to the major post-harvest losses.

In response, the national fisheries strategy proposed the development and rehabilitation of landing centres, cold storage units, ice plants, boat yards, maintenance workshops and value chain. A comprehensive needs and priority evaluation would inform on the step-by-step approach for the development of these facilities, including the new establishments/constructions as identified. Public-Private and Public-Private-Community partnerships will be fostered and strengthened for the integrated landing centres management.

Morocco

Morocco

In 2006 the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) and the Government of Morocco began development of their first partnership to reduce poverty. The Moroccan economy had seen 30 years of relative macroeconomic stability but slow growth, which led to consistently high unemployment. The Moroccans sought to stimulate economic growth by investing in sectors with high potential where they had competitive advantages and could increase employment. MCC and Morocco signed a five-year, $697.5 million compact in August 2007 that invested in five project areas based on Morocco’s own national growth strategy. This strategy was designed to modernize industrial sectors and target areas where the country had competitive advantages, such as textiles, agribusiness, fishing and handicrafts.

Small-scale fisheries are one of the most underdeveloped segments of Morocco’s fishing sector due to inadequate coastal landing sites and port infrastructure, lack of a reliable temperature-controlled supply chain (cold chain) from the sea to consumer, limited access to open markets, and insufficient training for fishers and their cooperatives. The Small-Scale Fisheries Project was designed to transform the sector by constructing landing sites, wholesale markets and facilities; providing technical assistance; partially funding fresh-fish transportation equipment for mobile fish vendors; establishing marine protected areas; and increasing efforts to ensure sustainable use of fish resources.

Eleven fish landing sites and port facilities were constructed and equipped, and three marine protected areas, five wholesale fish markets, as well as the training and equipping of 933 mobile fish vendors. An interim performance evaluation indicated that the income of artisan fishers increased by 73% in the port of Tan Tan and 54% in the landing site of Tifnit.

Key Publications

Republic of Yemen Ministry of Fish Wealth National Fisheries Strategy (2012-2015)

National fisheries development policy.                                                              

Small Scale Fisheries Project

Description of a collaborative project between the Government of Morocco and the Millennium Challenge Corporation.    

                                                                                                                                        

More Resources

More Resources

This document includes nine studies showcasing applied practices and successful initiatives in support of enhancing small-scale fisheries value chains, post-harvest operations and trade, based on the recommendations contained in the SSF Guidelines.
This website provides information on how to support the achievement of the SDG.3 target on food waste and maximise the contribution of all actors.
This publication highlights key gender inequalities in fisheries and aquaculture value chains that lead to underperformance by women, and proposes good practice policies that can influence increases in production and processing of high-quality fish....