Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)

"Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems" (GIAHS) are outstanding landscapes of aesthetic beauty that combine agricultural biodiversity, resilient ecosystems and a valuable cultural heritage. Located in specific sites around the world, they sustainably provide multiple goods and services, food and livelihood security for millions of small-scale farmers.

Unfortunately, these agricultural systems are threatened by many factors including climate change and increased competition for natural resources. They are also dealing with migration due to low economic viability, which has resulted in traditional farming practices being abandoned and endemic species and breeds being lost.

These ancestral agricultural systems constitute the foundation for contemporary and future agricultural innovations and technologies. Their cultural, ecological and agricultural diversity is still evident in many parts of the world, maintained as unique systems of agriculture.

New #AgriculturalHeritage sites designated in 2020

Republic of Korea
REPUBLIC OF KOREA

Damyang Bamboo Field Agriculture System

Linked to a strong cultural identity, the farmers began cultivating Damyang bamboo over a thousand years ago marking the very beginning of sustainable management for bamboo crafts.
Tunisia
TUNISIA

Ramli agricultural system in the lagoons of Ghar El Melh

Ramli, meaning on sand, are agricultural practices that consist of growing crops on sandy substrates. This ingenious system allows year-round cultivation without artificial water, even during periods of drought.
Tunisia
TUNISIA

Hanging gardens of Djebba El Olia

Reinforced by an efficient irrigation system, the hanging gardens are examples of innovative and resilient agroforestry based on fig-tree cultivation that meet the food needs of the local communities throughout the year.
Brazil
BRAZIL

Traditional Agricultural System in the Southern Espinhaço Range, Minas Gerais

The local communities of apanhadores have developed a unique agricultural system and cultural identity based on picking flower practices and their profound understanding of natural cycles, ecosystems and local biodiversity.

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