Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)

Floating Garden Agricultural Practices




Site location:  Gopalganj, Pirojpur and Barisal, South Center Bangladesh

Area of GIAHS: 2 500 ha

Population working for this system: -

Topological Characteristics: Water and flooded lands

Climatic Classification: subtropical humid

Ethnic Groups/Indigenous People: -

Primary Income Sources: agriculture, fisheries

In some parts of Bangladesh, most affected by flood and where water remains for a prolonged period of time, farmers have developed a method to use their submerged lands for crop production. For more than three centuries, floating agriculture is a useful method considering the economic, environmental and as well as social aspects.

Allowing the satisfaction of their living needs, floating gardens have also permitted to give an access to lands to the poorest communities. Last but not least, promoting their integration it has also improved the gender balance in these communities. This system is an example of the adaptation to hard climatic conditions but also to climate change.

The landscape with colourful diversified floating gardens has a unique aesthetic view. Dealing with nature and human needs, floating garden are integrated and sustainable in the Bengali landscape. In summer, flowers of water hyacinth bloom on the water. Contrast between light purple of flowers and deep green of leaves creates beautiful scenery.