The module 4 Corresponds to impacts on beneficiary households where LAPs seek security and legal certainty about land ownership.

Module 4: Household Livelihoods

The importance of security of tenure for governance

The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (VGGT) place at the centre of their recommendations the benefit that LAS should provide in terms of strengthening rights relating to security of land tenure.

These guidelines mention, among other things, the need for the following:

  • to recognize and respect all legitimate holders and their tenure rights;
  • to take reasonable measures to identify, register and respect holders and their rights;
  • for states to strive to ensure responsible governance of tenure, because land, fishing and forests are fundamental to exercising human rights, food security, eradicating poverty, sustainability of livelihoods, social stability, housing security, rural development and social and economic growth;
  • to provide an effective, accessible way of resolving disputes about tenure rights, and to implement resolutions quickly and affordably;
  • «States should develop relevant policies, laws and procedures through participative processes involving all affected parties, ensuring that both men and women are taken into consideration from the outset.»

The Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF), for its part, considers the essential aspects to be considered when analysing an LAS to include the following:

  • recognition of continuous rights to tenure, in an individual or collective form;
  • respect for tenure rights, including rights of possession and those of women and minorities;
  • mechanisms for the non-discriminatory allocation and registration of tenure rights;
  • access for all interested parties to accurate, efficient public information about land tenure;
  • clear distribution of responsibility within the government and civil society for resolving disputes and a low level of tenure disputes.