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社会保障

Social protection and resilience

Social protection can significantly reduce families’ vulnerability, severe food insecurity and exposure to threat and crises.

In recent years, threats and crises - due to both natural and man-made disasters - are not only more frequent but also increasingly complex. As such, the international community is progressively facing the need to respond to emergencies that combine severe vulnerability drivers: chronic poverty, food insecurity, inequality, violence, instability, climate change, and weak governance.

In this context the challenge for both humanitarian and development sectors is how to meet immediate needs, while providing assistance that empowers and equips people to prepare, withstand and bounce back from dire and complex situations.

FAO recognizes that the rural poor and most marginalized people are disproportionately affected by hazards and crises and the limited assets or lack of social protection coverage can lead families to resort to negative coping strategies which would trigger a negative spiral of vulnerability and poverty.

Given its extensive expertise in both rural development and emergency response in support of agricultural livelihoods, FAO is engaging in:

• Global discussion, together with other members of the Social Protection Inter-Agency Cooperation Board (SPIAC-B), to build a common vision around social protection in protracted, fragile and humanitarian contexts;

• National debates to strengthen the capacity of agricultural ministries to engage in policy processes to influence the design and target mechanisms of shock responsive social protection programmes;

• Country level implementation of innovative approaches such as Cash+ interventions which combine transfers of cash with productive assets, inputs, technical training and services;

• Capacity development activities. For example, with the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre, FAO is developing an interactive tool to facilitate learning on the potential benefits of linking social protection, resilience and climate change policies.