Sustainable Development Goals

Indicator 14.b.1 - Degree of application of a legal / regulatory / policy /institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries

The indicator is a composite indicator calculated on the basis of the efforts being made by countries to implement selected key provisions of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines). This indicator measures the “access rights” aspect of the SDG Target 14.b.

Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets.

Progress in the degree of implementation of international instruments to promote and protect small-scale fisheries, 2018-2020


Together with the other indicators under SDG 14, it will form a picture of marine activity giving countries intelligence on optimum levels of fishing, aquaculture expansion and fair and secure access to living aquatic resources.

Key results

The indicator variables are chosen from three of the five questions on small-scale fisheries introduced in the 2015 version of the the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) survey.

The survey is circulated by FAO every two years to countries, IGOs and INGOs and the proposed indicator is based on the responses received from FAO Member Countries. 

Responses of 92 Member Countries and the European Union (EU) to the questions on small-scale fisheries in the 2015 Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) survey


% of members reported having introduced or developed respectively regulations, policies, laws, plans or strategies specifically targeting or addressing SSF:




Plans or strategies







In relation to specific initiatives to implement the SSF Guidelines, 47 percent of the Members responded positively whilst 42 percent reported that they intended doing so in the future.


Initiatives already in place to implement the SSF Guidelines:

related to activities supporting SSF actors actively participating in sustainable resources management

implementing capacity development of fisheries organizations and other stakeholders

promoting social development, employment and decent work






Mechanisms through which small-scale fishers and fish workers can contribute to decision making processes have been reported to exist by 85 percent of the respondents. The most common ones include:

Mechanisms for involving small-scale fishers in fisheries management

Fisher/fish workers' representatives into advisory/consultative bodies to the Ministries/Departments of Fisheries



Of the Members who responded to have these mechanisms in place, 67 percent reported that these encourage the active participation of women




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