Sustainable Development Goals

Indicator 14.b.1 - Degree of application of a legal / regulatory / policy /institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries

The indicator is a composite indicator calculated on the basis of the efforts being made by countries to implement selected key provisions of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines). This indicator measures the “access rights” aspect of the SDG Target 14.b.

Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets.

Progress in the degree of implementation of international instruments to promote and protect small-scale fisheries, 2018-2020


Together with the other indicators under SDG 14, it will form a picture of marine activity giving countries intelligence on optimum levels of fishing, aquaculture expansion and fair and secure access to living aquatic resources.

Key results

Since 2015, most regions have expanded the adoption of regulatory frameworks supporting small-scale fisheries and promoting participatory decision-making processes, including Small Island Developing States (SIDS), where up to 70 percent of the people working in the fisheries sector are involved in small-scale fisheries.

The average global score for SDG indicator 14.b.1 – a composite score on the implementation of legal / regulatory / policy /institutional frameworks which recognize and protect access rights for small-scale fisheries – has moved from 3/5 in 2018 to 4/5 in 2020.

Northern Africa and Western Asia reflect this increase, while Central and Southern Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean reduced their regional score from 3/5 to 2/5 and from 4/5 to 3/5 respectively, highlighting the need for strengthening their implementation efforts. The other regions remained stable at a score of 4/5.

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