Sustainable Development Goals

Indicator 2.5.2 - Proportion of local breeds classified as being at risk of extinction

The indicator presents the percentage of local livestock breeds among local breeds with known risk status classified as being at risk of extinctions at a certain moment in time, as well as the trends for this percentage. The indicator will measure progress towards SDG Target 2.5.

Target 2.5

By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.

Risk status of the local livestock breeds in the world, 2000-2019


Information collected for this indicator is key to safeguard precious animal varieties and support the livelihood of the world's population with sufficient, diverse and nutritious diets long into the future. 

Key results

In 2019, 73 percent of assessed local livestock breeds (2025 out of 2761) were determined to be at risk of extinction, based on their population size, reproductive rates and other biological characteristics. This is marginally better than one year ago, when 78 percent of assessed breeds were determined to be at risk of extinction. Results between regions differ. Among breeds with known risk status:

  • 84 percent are considered to be at risk in Europe.

  • 44 percent are considered to be at risk in South America.

  • 71 percent are considered to be at risk in Southern Africa.

Due to the scarce information reported, results for other regions are considered to be not representative.

For the majority of local breeds around the world (4343), the risk status remains unknown due to a lack of data. Only 77 countries reported data in 2020 - seven more than the previous year.

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