Sustainable Development Goals

Indicator 2.5.1.b - Number of animal genetic resources for food and agriculture secured in medium or long term conservation facilities

The conservation of animal genetic resources for food and agriculture in medium or long term conservation facilities (ex situ in genebanks) represents the most trusted means of conserving genetic resources worldwide. This indicator will measure progress towards target 2.5.

Target 2.5

By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.

Number of animal genetic resources for food and agriculture secured in medium-or long-term conservation facilities

Impact

The measure of trends in ex situ conserved materials provides an overall assessment of the extent to which we are managing to maintain and/or increase the total genetic diversity available for future use and thus protect it from any permanent loss of genetic diversity which may occur on-farm and in the natural habitat. 

This information is key to support the livelihood of the world's population with sufficient, diverse and nutritious diets long into the future. 

Key results

Between 2010 and 2019, the number of local breeds with sufficient material stored in genebanks increased from 10 to 101. This may appear like a significant increase yet it represents a fraction of the approximately 7600 breeds reported globally and is still a far cry from the SDG target calling on the international community to halt the loss of animal genetic resources for food and agriculture.

Out of a world total of 7643 registered local breeds (including extinct ones), 400 (5.2 percent) are reported with some genetic material stored, out of which 101 (1.3 percent) are reported with sufficient material stored to allow them to be reconstituted. This reflects negligible progress compared to the preceding year, when only 3.3 percent of local animal breeds had some material stored, and only 0.9 percent had enough material to allow the breed to be reconstituted in case of extinction.

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