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Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Indicator 5.a.1 - Women’s ownership of agricultural land

Indicator 5.a.1 - (a) Percentage of people with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land (out of total agricultural population), by sex; and (b) share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure

This indicator is divided in two sub-indicators. Part (a) is an incidence measure. It measures how prevalent ownership or secure rights over agricultural land are in the reference population. Part (b) measures the share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land. Therefore it can be used to monitor the under-representation of women among the owners or holders of agricultural land. This is a de facto indicator which will measure progress towards SDG Target 5.a.

017, Maiduguri, Nigeria - Women harvesting Peppers and Tomatoes at FAO-supported farm project, Gongolong Village, Jere Local Government Area, 11 kilometers away from Maiduguri metropolitan in Borno, northeast Nigeria ©FAO/Pius Utomi Ekpei. SDG Indicator 5.a.1.

Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws.


Indicator 5.a.1 measures the extent of women’s disadvantages in ownership of and rights to agricultural land. Together with indicator 5.a.2, it provides a basis for policy measures aimed at securing equal opportunities and access to rights and resources.

Key results

The methodology of this indicator is based on the UN Methodological Guidelines on the Production of Statistics on Asset Ownership from a Gender Perspective, which were developed over the past four years, in the context of the initiative Evidence and Data for Gender Equality (EDGE)

FAO is coordinating with the World Bank and World Habitat to ensure harmonization of the methodology with SDG indicator 1.4.2 (Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure). In particular, the respective custodian agencies are working towards the development of a unique module which allow collecting data for both SDG 5.a.1 and SDG 1.4.2.

Moreover, FAO is in contact with UNICEF, the World Bank and the DHS Program to explore the possibilities of incorporating the module into the respective internationally sponsored surveys (MICS - Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, LSMS - Living Standards Measurement Study, DHS - Demographic and Health Survey).

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