Комитет по рыбному хозяйству
34-я сессия, 1-5 февраля 2021 года
Рим, Италия

Основные публикации

The impact of COVID-19 on fisheries and aquaculture food systems, possible responses

The purpose of this information paper is to update information on the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on the fisheries and aquaculture sector and the measures taken, to inform on the ongoing impact on the fisheries and aquaculture food systems, and responses from seafood providers and governments to counteract the negative impacts on seafood chains.

See the full list of policy briefs related to COVID-19.

Осуществление кодекса ведения ответственного рыболовства - Tенденции, наблюдаемые за последние 25 лет

Рыболовство и аквакультура представляют собой жизненно важный источник продовольствия, занятости, торговли и экономического благополучия людей во всем мире как для нынешнего, так и для будущих поколений; следовательно, к занятию этими видами деятельности нужно подходить со всей ответственностью. В Кодексе ведения ответственного рыболовства (Кодекс) определены принципы и международные стандарты ответственной практики, которые способствуют устойчивой эксплуатации и производству живых водных ресурсов при уделении должного внимания сохранению экосистем и биоразнообразия и закрепляют продовольственную, экономическую, социальную, природоохранную и культурную значимость рыболовства. Кодекс и сегодня, спустя 25 лет после его принятия, остается столь же актуальным, как и в 1995 году. В этой брошюре дан краткий обзор целей Кодекса и свода документов и руководящих принципов, которые были разработаны за последние 25 лет на основе Кодекса и направлены на содействие осуществлению его широкомасштабных положений. В ней также рассмотрен ряд тенденций, которые можно проследить, опираясь на материалы отчетности Членов ФАО об осуществлении Кодекса.

CITES and the sea - Trade in commercially exploited CITES-listed marine species

Fish and fish products are amongst the most highly traded food items in the world today, with most of the world’s countries reporting some fish trade. This assessment of commercial trade in CITES-listed marine species occurs within a broader context of globalization and a more general rapid expansion of the international trade in fish and fish products. It summarizes ten years (2007–2016) of trade in a subset of commercially exploited marine taxa listed in CITES Appendix II. We examine both CITES trade data reporting processes (including information on the practical elements of reporting by CITES Parties) and analyse CITES trade records. The analysis shows how, for Appendix II CITES-listed marine species, the overall number of direct export transactions reported by CITES Parties has increased sevenfold during 1990–2016 and how trade for each CITES-listed marine species sub-group has changed through time. An assessment is made, with assistance from species and trade experts, on the strengths and challenges of collating and reporting on trade in CITES-listed marine species. Additional datasets of relevance to marine species trade are highlighted, and recommendations for further refining and improving CITES trade reporting for marine species are provided.

Cостояние мирового рыболовства и аквакультуры 2020

Центральной темой издания доклада "Состояние мирового рыболовства и аквакультуры" 2020 года является устойчивость. Решение уделить этой темеосновное внимание было продиктовано рядом соображений. Во-первых, в 2020 году отмечается 25 летсо дня принятия Кодекса ведения ответственного рыболовства (Кодекс). Во-вторых, в этом же году наступает срок выполнения ряда показателей достижения Целей в области устойчивого развития. В-третьих, в конце 2019 года ФАО провела Международный симпозиум по устойчивости рыбного хозяйства; и в-четвертых, в 2020 году планируется завершить разработку руководств ФАО по устойчивому росту аквакультуры и по социальной устойчивости в производственно-сбытовых цепочках.

FAO Yearbook. Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics 2018/FAO annuaire. Statistiques des pêches et de l'aquaculture 2018/FAO anuario. Estadísticas de pesca y acuicultura 2018

The FAO Yearbook of fishery and aquaculture statistics is a compilation of statistical data on capture fisheries and aquaculture production, employment, commodities production and trade, apparent fish consumption and fishing fleets.

L’Annuaire des statistiques des pêches et de l’aquaculture de la FAO est une compilation de données statistiques sur les captures, la production de l’aquaculture, l’emploi, la production et le commerce des produits halieutiques, les bilans alimentaires et les flottes.

El Anuario de estadísticas de pesca y acuicultura de la FAO es una compilación de datos estadísticos sobre las capturas, la producción de acuicultura, el empleo, la producción y el comercio de los productos pesqueros, las hojas de balance de alimentos y las flotas.

The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries 2020

This third edition of the State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries provides a comprehensive overview of the status of fisheries in the region, looking at their main features and trends, in order to better inform their management and better examine current and future challenges that they will face in the near future. The aim of this report is to produce a document that could provide useful analysis and direction for decision-making and future action. In this respect, this publication also represents a convenient source of information for the FAO Committee on Fisheries and offers a practical complement to the data provided in the State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture published by the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. This volume includes seven chapters divided into two sections: a first part on the status and trends of different aspects of Mediterranean and Black Sea fisheries, including fleet, catches, socio-economic variables and bycatch, and a second part that focuses on the management of Mediterranean and Black Sea fisheries, including an overview on small-scale fisheries. This report is based to a large extent on the most up-to-date data available submitted by GFCM contracting and cooperating non-contracting parties, including information on stock status, national catches, fleet and socio-economic information up to 2018. It is also complemented with information from other sources.

Transshipment: a closer look

Transshipment is a widespread practice in marine capture fisheries, that has recently been associated with a possible risk of introducing catches derived from illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing into the supply chain. This in-depth study was carried out in order to shed more light on the practice and make recommendations to inform future discussions on the development of international guidelines for the regulation, monitoring and control of transshipment. The report presents a background to the study, its approach and methodology, the key findings including possible elements of the guidelines, and discusses the main issues from the perspective of the risk of transshipment in supporting IUU fishing.

Impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture

The 2015 Paris Climate Agreement recognizes the need for effective and progressive responses to the urgent threat of climate change, through mitigation and adaptation measures, while taking into account the particular vulnerabilities of food production systems. The inclusion of adaptation measures in the fisheries and aquaculture sector is currently hampered by a widespread lack of targeted analyses of the sector’s vulnerabilities to climate change and associated risks, as well as the opportunities and responses available. This report provides the most up-to-date information on the disaggregated impacts of climate change for marine and inland fisheries, and aquaculture, in the context of poverty alleviation and the differential dependency of countries on fish and fishery resources. The work is based on model projections, data analyses, as well as national, regional and basin-scale expert assessments. The results indicate that climate change will lead to significant changes in the availability and trade of fish products, with potentially important geopolitical and economic consequences, especially for those countries most dependent on the sector.

Добровольные руководящие принципы обеспечения устойчивого маломасштабного рыболовства в контексте продовольственной безопасности и искоренения бедности

Настоящие Добровольные руководящие принципы обеспечения устойчивого маломасштабного рыболовства в контексте продовольственной безопасности и искоренения бедности разработаны в качестве дополнения к принятому ФАО в 1995 году Кодексу ведения ответственного рыболовства (Кодекс). Задача их разработки состояла в формулировании дополнительных руководящих принципов, применимых к маломасштабному рыболовству, в поддержку общих принципов и положений Кодекса. Исходя из этого, настоящие Руководящие принципы должны содействовать обеспечению заметного положения, признанию и дальнейшему укреплению роли маломасштабного рыболовства, вносить вклад в предпринимаемые на глобальном и национальном уровнях усилия по искоренению голода и бедности. Руководящие принципы поддерживают ответственное рыболовство и устойчивое социально-экономическое развитие на благо сегодняшнего и будущих поколений, уделяют особое внимание рыбакам, занятым в маломасштабном рыболовстве, и работникам рыбной и смежных отраслей, включая уязвимых и социально обособленных лиц, и создают благоприятные условия для применения правозащитного подхода.

Securing sustainable small-scale fisheries – Showcasing applied practices in value chains, post-harvest operations and trade

The SSF Guidelines recognize the right of fishers and fishworkers, acting both individually and collectively, to improve their livelihoods through value chains, post-harvest operations and trade. To achieve this, the Guidelines recommend building capacity of individuals, strengthening organizations and empowering women; reducing post-harvest losses and adding value to small-scale fisheries production; and facilitating sustainable trade and equitable market access.

This document includes nine studies showcasing applied practices and successful initiatives in support of enhancing small-scale fisheries value chains, post-harvest operations and trade, based on the recommendations contained in the SSF Guidelines. Cases presented have been chosen on the basis that they can be emulated elsewhere by small-scale fishery proponents including, but not limited to, national administrations, non-governmental organizations, civil society organizations, private enterprises, development agencies and intergovernmental bodies. An analysis of enabling conditions as well as related challenges and opportunities are discussed in each case.

Strengthening, empowering and sustaining small-scale aquaculture farmers’ associations

This technical paper presents three major sets of information resource: (i) five case studies from five Asian countries, (ii) the synthesis of the case studies and (iii) the report of the regional workshop that reviewed the case studies and the draft synthesis of the case study reports, provided additional science-based, professional, and experiential information, and developed recommendations to strengthen, empower and sustain organizations of small-scale fish farmers and related aquaculture-based enterprises.

Joining forces to shape the fishery sector of tomorrow - Promoting safety and decent work in fisheries through the application of international standards

This brochure gives a summary overview of four international binding fisheries instruments (conventions and agreements) that promote the safety of fishing vessels, safety of fishers, training of fishers, and responsible and safe fisheries operations. This brochure has been prepared by IMO, ILO, and FAO to provide guidance to policy and decision-makers and other stakeholders in the fisheries, maritime, and labour sectors with a view to promote ratification and implementation of the following fisheries instruments:

  1. The IMO (2012) Cape Town Agreement (CTA)
  2. The IMO (1995) International Convention on Training, Certification and for Fishing Vessels Personnel (STCW-F)
  3. The ILO (2007) Work in Fishing Convention (C188)
  4. The (2009) FAO Agreement on Port States Measures to Prevent Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (PSMA)