Глобальный симпозиум по эрозии почв


Proceedings of the Global Symposium on Soil Erosion

The proceedings book of the GSER19 contains all papers presented both orally and in poster format during the symposium. The papers have provided sufficient scientific evidence to show that soil erosion is a global threat to food production systems,  rural livelihoods, human health and biodiversity, and that coordinated action needs to be fostered and accelerated to address this issue.

Global Symposium on Soil Erosion: Outcome Document

The Outcome Document of the GSER 19 highlights scientific evidence on the status of soil erosion, its impacts and the agenda for action in the framework of achieving the SDGs. The document also provides recommendations for developing sound environmental policies and programmes to encourage the use of sustainable soil erosion control practices.

Soil erosion: the Greatest Challenge for Sustainable Soil Management

Despite almost a century of research and extension efforts, soil erosion continues to be the greatest threat to soil health and soil ecosystem services in many regions of the world. Our understanding of the physical processes of erosion and the controls on those processes has been firmly established. Nevertheless, some elements remain controversial.

Soil loss Atlas of Malawi

With over three-quarters of the country’s soils at risk, soil loss in Malawi represents a major threat to food security and nutrition, agricultural growth, the provision of ecosystem services and the achievement of the SDGs. Since the Malawian economy is highly dependent on agriculture, soil loss is a significant hindrance to the overall economic development of the country.

Международный кодекс поведения в области устойчивого использования удобрений и управления ими

содействовать достижению ряда целей в области устойчивого развития (ЦУР). В целом он закладывает общую, адаптируемую к местным условиям основу и содержит набор добровольных практик в помощь различным заинтересованным сторонам, которые прямо или косвенно имеют дело с удобрениями.

Soil and nutrients loss in Malawi: an economic assessment

Soil loss is a major threat to agricultural development in Malawi, and the size of the agricultural sector in the Malawian economy renders it a major limitation to the overall economic development of the country. Soil loss reduces cultivable soil depth, but also takes away fertile soils from farmlands. The net effect is a loss of agricultural productivity, increased expenditure on fertilizers, and a general decline in profitability of crop production.

Status of the World's Soil Resources

Main report

The SWSR is a reference document on the status of global soil resources that provides regional assessments of soil change. The information is based on peer-reviewed scientific literature, complemented with expert knowledge and project outputs. It provides a description and a ranking of ten major soil threats that endanger ecosystem functions, goods and services globally and in each region separately.

Добровольные руководящие принципы рационального использования почвенных ресурсов

Настоящие Добровольные принципы были приняты 4-ой сессией Пленарной ассамблеи ГПП (Рим, 25 мая 2016 года), одобрены 25-ой сессией Комитета ФАО по сельскому хозяйству (Рим, 28 сентября 2016 года) и окончательно утверждены 155-ой сессией Совета ФАО (Рим, 5 декабря 2016 года).

Настоящие “Добровольные руководящие принципы рационального использования почвенных ресурсов” (ДРПРИПР) были выработаны в ходе подразумевающего широкое участие процесса в рамках Глобального почвенного партнерства (ГПП). Они должны стать справочным документом, содержащим общие технические и политические рекомендации в области рационального использования почвенных ресурсов (РИПР) для широкого круга приверженных своему делу заинтересованных сторон.

World Soil Charter

The first World Soil Charter (WSC) was conceived and formulated, negotiated and adopted by the FAO member countries in the 1981 FAO Conference. It was a major normative instrument agreed by member states, and that the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) was duty-bound to promote its principles. The challenges faced by the world have become more evident and severe in the intervening three decades.

Use of 137Cs for soil erosion assessment

Soil erosion is the most destructive land degradation process causing removal of soil, siltation of water reservoirs and pollution of water sources. Combating erosion needs reliable data on soil erosion rates, its dynamics and spatial distribution. Collecting such data with conventional methods requires great investment and long period of time. The 137Cs method for erosion assessment can address this problem.