农业中的童工问题

 

当前,全世界近十分之一的儿童从事童工,其中最主要的仍然在农业部门,共计1.12亿儿童——占所有童工的70%。

全球对策论坛于2021年11月2至3日举行,推动全球合作,提出对策,扩大实施,消除农业童工现象。本次线上活动的举行正值“消除童工现象国际年”,汇集各国农业、渔业、畜牧业和林业等部委代表,生产者和农民组织,工人组织,开发银行,企业,民间社会组织,学术机构,儿童和青年代表,以及曾经做过童工的人等。

活动期间,我们与农业利益相关方广泛开展区域磋商,学习最佳做法、经验和创新思路,从而推动相关工作进程。在发布行动号召:在农业利益相关者的帮助下消除农业领域童工现象之后,相继召开拉丁美洲及加勒比亚洲及太平洋近东及北非非洲撒哈拉以南地区的区域磋商会议。

粮农组织还发布了以下12份专题区域背景文件为磋商会提供信息支持:

全球对策论坛取得的成果包括:

行动:提高农业利益相关方的声音和承诺。

启发:分享能够扭转趋势的对策,并确定如何推进协调行动,以防止和消除所有农业领域的童工现象。

推广:向2022年第五届全球童工问题大会以及“联合国家庭农业十年”等其他全球倡议提供参考信息。

 

举行互动式会议,借此平台从三个角度就解决农业童工问题提出、讨论和促进切实解决方案:

超过75名来自全球、区域和国家农业利益相关方代表在会上发表意见,并承诺将大力开展合作,防范和消除农业童工现象。

了解会议要点和重点对策:

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日程:

开幕和闭幕环节将提供粮农组织六种官方语言口译服务,其他环节将提供英文、法文和西班牙文口译服务

1 2021112日,星期二)

主持人欢迎与会者并做介绍。

    开幕致辞:

    • Mr Qu Dongyu, Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
    • A special message from His Holiness Pope Francis 
    • Guy Ryder, Director General of the International Labour Organization (ILO)
    • Henrietta Fore, Executive Director of UNICEF (video message)
    • Kailash Satyarthi, Nobel Peace Laureate

    主持人:

    • Redi Tlhabi,  Moderator & Broadcast Journalist

     

    • Jutta Urpilainen, European Commissioner for International Partnerships, European Commission (video message)
    • Sue Longley, General Secretary of  the International Union of Food, Agricultural, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco and Allied Workers' Associations (IUF)
    • Jo Puri, Associate Vice-President of the Strategy and Knowledge Department, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
    • Paul Schoenmakers, Head of Impact of Tony 's Chocolonely
    • Emmerance Tuyishime, Programs Officer Pan-African Farmers' Organization

    由儿童(与儿童基金联盟合作)和青年倡导者参与:Molly Namirembe 和 Kamasa Dorothy Azimi

    主持人:

    Redi Tlhabi,  Moderator & Broadcast Journalist

    • Michaelle De Cock, Head of Research and Evaluation Unit, ILO
    • Claudia Cappa, Senior Statistics Specialist, UNICEF 
    • Bernd Seiffert, Focal Point for Preventing Child Labour in Agriculture, FAO

    主持人:
    Benjamin Davis, Director of the Inclusive Rural Transformation and Gender Equality Division, FAO

    与涉及该部门的利益相关方进行讨论。

    • Kaing Khim, Deputy Director-General, Fisheries Administration, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry of Cambodia

    • Sille Stidsen, Chief Adviser, Danish Institute for Human Rights / Rezoanul Haque Azom, Senior Officer Planning and Monitoring, Bangladesh Institute of Labour Studies

    • Daniela Kalikoski, Fisheries Industry Officer, FAO /
      Fabio Veras, Researcher, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth, Brasilia

    • Micheline Dion, President, Cooperative for Fishery Products Traders and Processors from Cote d’Ivoire  

    主持人:

    Audun Lem, Deputy Director Fisheries Department, FAO  

    1部分 - 家庭农业 

    • Christine Fuell, Coordinator of the Rotterdam Convention
    • Rob Vos, Director of Markets, Trade and Institutions Division, IFPRI
    • Tiko Hema, Responsible Monitoring Evaluation and Traning, FAO

    主持人:
    Guilherme Brady, Head of Unit, Family Farming and Engagement with Parliamentarians, FAO 

    2部分 - 负责任价值链    

    • Sebastian Lesch, Head of Division, Sustainable Agriculture Supply Chain, International Agricultural Policy, Agriculture and Innovation, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Germany
    • Patrick Owusu, Manager, Asanufo North Farmers Union, Ghana
    • Badra Alawa, Chief Technical Advisor, ILO   

    主持人:
    Friedel Huetz-Adams, Senior Researcher, SÜDWIND

     

    同行对话环节。

    • Minoarivelo Randrianarison, Forestry Officer, FAO
    • Veronica Galmez Marquez, Ecosystems Management Senior Specialist, Green Climate Fund
    • Hajia Alima Sagito, Deputy Coordinator, Ghana Federation of Forest and Farm Producers
    • Adedolapo Alabi, Youth Leader, Ghana Federation of Forest and Farm Producers
    • Lindita Boshtrakaj, Project Coordinator, ILO Kosovo
    • Matthieu Yela Bonketo, Founder and Chair, Cercle pour la Défense de l'Environnement

    主持人:

    Justin Chisenga, Knowledge/Information Management Officer, FAO

    同行对话环节.

    • Véronique Ancey, Expert on Livestock and Poverty Reduction in Pastoral Areas, FAO
    • Paul Opio, Livestock Officer, FAO Kenya
    • Jasper Okodi, Programme Specialist, FAO South Sudan
    • Alassane Lompo, Coordinator, Civil Society Organizations of Eastern Burkina Faso 
    • Aboubakry Dieng, Project Coordinator, ILO Mauritania

    主持人:
    Omar Benammour, Social Protection Officer, FAO 

    介绍区域磋商结果(拉丁美洲及加勒比、非洲、欧洲和中亚)。

    • Alberto Posso, Professor of Economics, Researcher and Director Center for International Development of the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT)
    • María Emilia Undurraga, Minister of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture of Chile
    • Lilian Maina, Social Compliance and Risk Manager, Fairtrade Africa
    • Maurizio Bussi, Deputy Regional Director for Europe and Central Asia, ILO
    • Jehiel Oliver, C.E.O, Hello Tractor

     

    主持人:
    Benjamin Davis, Director of the Inclusive Rural Transformation and Gender Equality Division, FAO

    第2天 (2021年11月3日,星期三)

    介绍区域磋商结果(亚洲及太平洋、近东)。

    • Ala Mustafa, Chief Executive Officer, Arab Youth Sustainable Development Network 
    • Hala Abou Youssef, Director Central Agricultural Pesticide Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt
    • Muhammad Hidayat Greenfield, Regional Secretary for the Asia/Pacific Regional Organization IUF
    • Bharati Pflug, Senior Specialist on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, ILO Decent Work Technical Team for East and South-East Asia and the Pacific

    主持人:
    Mina Dowlatchahi, Director, Project Support Division, FAO

    与涉及该部门的利益相关方进行讨论。

    • Maggie Makanza, Gender and Social Protection Specialist, FAO
    • Sidi Kone,  Assistant Agronomist, FAO Mali
    • Juliet Kutyabwana, Education Secretary, National Union of Co-operative Movement and Allied Workers - Uganda
    • Pauline Kariuki, Director, Rural Women Network

    主持人:
    Silvia Sperandini, Gender, Targeting and Social Inclusion Specialist

    会议由农发基金和粮农组织共同组织

    与涉及 该部门的利益相关方进行讨论。

    • Doaa Arafa, Programme Policy Officer, World Food Programme Egypt
    • Gazal Malik, Policy Research Coordinator, Global March Against Child Labour
    • Elissa Alhassrouny, Child Protection Specialist Plan International Lebanon

    主持人:
    Dominique Marlet, Senior Rights Coordinator, Education International

    与涉及该部门的利益相关方进行讨论。

    • Leonard Mizzi, Head of Sustainable Agri-Food Systems and Fisheries Unit, European Union

    • Daniel P. Owen, Lead Social Development Specialist, The World Bank Group

    • Christopher Ian Brett, Lead Agribusiness Specialist, The World Bank Group

    • Wieneke Vullings, Head of Sustainable Production and Trade, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Netherlands

    • Marianne van Keep, Director of Sustainability & Purchasing, Verstegen Spices & Sauce

    主持人:

    Ida Christensen, Technical Advisor, FAO Investment Centre

    同行对话环节。

    • Khalid Cassam, National Project Coordinator Mozambique, FAO

    • Michael Ramsay, FAO consultant (based in Jamaica) 

    • Amadou Cheick Traoré, Deputy Director of the National Directorate of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture - Mali

    • Andrews Addoquaye Tagoe , Deputy General Secretary , General Agricultural Workers Union (GAWU) – TBC

    主持人:
    Andrea Rother, Professor, Head - Environmental Health Division, School of Public Health and Family Medicine University of Cape Town - South Africa

    与涉及该部门的利益相关方进行讨论

    • Ronald Omar Pivaral Cruz, Project Manager, Caravella Coffee
    • Lamine Diassana, FIER Project Coordinator, IFAD Mali
    • Micheal Lokiru, Programme Officer - Crop Production/Agronomist, FAO Uganda
    • Philippe Renard, Head of European and International Relations and Cooperation, General Education and Research Department, Ministry of Agriculture of France 

    由儿童参与(与人类的土地(Terre des Hommes)合作)。

    证词:

    Beatriz Mendoza and Mario Pablo Ramirez, participants of Coffee Camps in Guatemala


    主持人:
    Thomas Wissing, Head, Advocacy and Partnerships Unit, ILO

    会议由国际劳工组织和粮农组织共同组织

     

    同行对话环节该部门的利益相关方进行讨论.

    证言:

    • Young people of VoiceMore Rutshuru
    • Zainab Abdel Azim, Associate Director of the Women Empowerment Department, Ministry of Agriculture Iraq

    证词:

    • Ellie Chouieiri, Programme Officer, FAO Lebanon
    • Shakeb Nabi, Country Representative, ICCO Bangladesh
    • Azeb Lemma Dulla, PACE (Partnership Against Child Exploitation), M&E Officer, World Vision International Ethiopia

    主持人:

    Shukri Ahmed, Deputy Director Emergency and Resilience Unit, FAO / Indira Joshi, Emergency and Rehabilitation Officer, Emergency and Resilience Unit, FAO

    Silvia Oñate, Child Protection Expert, Plan International

    • Thoko Didiza, Minister of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development of South Africa
    • Anousheh Karvar, Chair of the Alliance 8.7
    • Vera Paquete-Perdigão, Director, Governance and Tripartism Department, ILO
    • Máximo Torero Cullen, Chief Economist, FAO

    主持人:
    Redi Tlhabi,  Moderator & Broadcast Journalist