Climate Change

Low Carbon and Resilient Livestock Development Strategies for Climate Informed Investments

Project's full title Low Carbon and Resilient Livestock Development Strategies for Climate Informed Investments
Start date 01/03/2021
End date 31/01/2024
Status Ongoing
Recipient / Target Areas Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Rwanda, Tajikistan
Project Code GCP /GLO/247/IFA
Objective / Goal Technical support to reduce the environmental impacts of IFAD investments while improving food security and enhancing capacities at institutional and government levels, as part of the second phase of Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP2).



Countries and IFAD projects:

  • Rwanda, Rwanda Dairy Development Project (RDDP)
  • Lesotho, Restoration of Landscapes and Livelihoods (ROLL)
  • Georgia, Dairy Modernisation and Market Access Project (DiMMA)
  • Kyrgyzstan, Regional Resilient Pastoral Communities Project (RRPCP)
  • Tajikistan, Community-based Agricultural Support Project (CASP+)

The project, jointly implemented by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, aims to develop low-emission development strategies for livestock interventions through the use of the Global Livestock Environmental Assessment Model-interactive (GLEAM-i) and the Tool for Agroecology Performance Evaluation (TAPE).

It elaborates on the strategies to improve livestock practices in order to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, while improving food security. This will contribute to enhancing resilience and strengthening farmer livelihoods - outcomes that the IFAD-funded projects aim to achieve. A component of the project also aims to improve capacities by conducting a series of training courses on GLEAM-i and TAPE to ensure the uptake of both tools by the relevant stakeholders. 

GLEAM-i estimates livestock GHG emissions following a life cycle assessment approach. It uses the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Tier 2 methodology and generates baseline and improved scenarios of herd management, feeding and manure management. TAPE, on the other hand, is an analytical framework that uses agroecology to assess the overall sustainability of productive systems and measure their performance across the different dimensions of sustainability. 

The project is funded by the second phase of IFAD’s Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP2).


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Related publications

As agroecology has increasingly been brought into the international dialogue on the future of food and agriculture, there have been calls for building the evidence base of its performance across the multiple dimensions of sustainability and its capacity to achieve multiple Sustainable Development Goals. In response to this need, FAO coordinated the participatory development of the Tool for Agroecology Performance Evaluation (TAPE)...


This report presents the potential impact of the planned IFAD-funded Regional Resilient Pastoral Communities Project on greenhouse gas emissions, both in terms of the overall impact of the project, and as a possible input to the update of Kyrgyzstan’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). The assessment was carried out using the Global...


Livestock are key in combating and adapting to climate change in Kyrgyzstan. Pasture conditions are worse than at the beginning of the century due to unsustainable management practices, exacerbated by climate change. More efforts are needed to strengthen sustainable pasture and herd management. More milk and meat can be produced with fewer emissions and without increasing the number of livestock. Fewer emissions are possible by improving the herd structure, animal health, and feed.


The report was published by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) with contributions from IFAD through its Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP2). It also captures results of assessments undertaken with the Global Livestock Environmental Assessment Model (GLEAM) by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) also financed by ASAP2.


Globally, the impacts of animal health conditions on GHG emissions are significant as they affect mortality, morbidity and productivity. Mitigation packages that include animal health interventions can significantly reduce emissions, and yet there are challenges in terms of measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) systems.


This assessment was undertaken as part of the project “Low carbon and resilient livestock development strategies for climate informed investments” ( ) jointly implemented by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).


In this document, the results of the implementation of TAPE in Lesotho for the baseline assessment of the ROLL project are presented. The framework was implemented in 200 production systems across 4 agroecological zones, 5 districts and 19 distinct landscapes.