Энергетика

Данный раздел посвящен биоэнергетике и подходу ФАО к эффективному использованию биоэнергии в устойчивом развитии. На странице указана ссылка на сайт "Биоэнергетика и продовольственная безопасность (BEFS)", на котором приводятся более подробные сведения о работе ФАО по поддержке стран в разработке и осуществлении биоэнергетической политики и стратегий, а также информация о различных вспомогательных инструментах.
 

What is sustainable bioenergy?

Bioenergy is energy from biofuels. Biofuel is fuel produced directly or indirectly from biomass. Biomass is material of biological origin, for example wood, dung or charcoal and it excludes material embedded in geological formations and transformed to fossils.  

The links between bioenergy and food security are complex. Making bioenergy development sustainable becomes even more challenging when trying to capture its potential benefits on rural development, climate and energy security. An integrated approach is required to address these links and promote both “food and fuel”, and ensure that bioenergy contributes to sustainable development. This approach requires:

  • In-depth understanding of the situation and of the related opportunities, risks, synergies and trade-offs.
  • An enabling policy and institutional environment, with sound and flexible policies and effective means to implement these.
  • Implementation of good practices by investors and producers in order to reduce risks and increase opportunities; and appropriate policy instruments to promote these good practices.
  • Proper impact monitoring, evaluation and response.

In order to promote this sound and integrated approach, FAO, in collaboration with partners, has developed the FAO Support Package to Decision-Making for Sustainable Bioenergy. This support package includes different elements which can be used independently or together at different stages within the decision making and monitoring processes of bioenergy development. 

Bioenergy and Food Security (BEFS) Approach

Bioenergy and Food Security (BEFS) Approach

The Bioenergy and Food Security (BEFS) Approach supports countries in designing and implementing sustainable bioenergy policies and strategies tailored to the specific country context and needs. A core element of the BEFS Approach is the BEFS Assessment, which is country driven through multistakeholder dialogue and guidance. With a multidisciplinary and integrated set of tools and guidance, the BEFS Approach allows countries to use specific components of the BEFS Approach depending on the level of bioenergy development, and the status of bioenergy policy formulation and implementation. The BEFS approach has been applied widely across country realities and country contexts throughout the globe contributing to normative level assessments, reviews of bioenergy options and capacity building and development.


Indicateurs de durabilité pour la bioénergie du Partenariat mondial sur la bioénergie (GBEP)

Indicateurs de durabilité pour la bioénergie du Partenariat mondial sur la bioénergie (GBEP)

Les indicateurs de durabilité du GBEP pour la bioénergie sont un ensemble de 24 indicateurs volontaires pour mesurer les impacts environnementaux, sociaux et économiques de tout type de production et d'utilisation de bioénergie au niveau national. Adoptés en 2011 par les membres du GBEP (45 pays et 23 organisations internationales, dont la FAO), ils fournissent un outil complet et pratique pour guider les évaluations de durabilité de la bioénergie, en vue d'éclairer la prise de décision et de faciliter le développement durable de la bioénergie.
Les indicateurs ont été mis en œuvre dans seize pays. La FAO les a mesurés en Colombie, en Indonésie, au Paraguay et au Viet Nam entre 2011 et 2018, afin d’analyser la durabilité de la production et de l'utilisation nationales de bioénergie, tout en fournissant aux gouvernements des recommandations politiques. La FAO a organisé des formations et des événements de renforcement des capacités sur ces indicateurs dans plusieurs pays, et les a utilisés comme référence pour les évaluations de durabilité dans le context des projets EU Horizon 2020.
 

 

 

Integrated Food-Energy Systems (IFES)

Integrated Food-Energy Systems (IFES)

An Integrated Food-Energy System (IFES) is a diversified agricultural production farming system that incorporates agro-biodiversity and builds on the principles of sustainable production intensification. IFES can be small-scale operations managed at village/household level or large-scale operations designed for commercial activities. IFES can optimize land use through a combination of food and energy crops and/or optimize biomass use through its a cascading sequence to produce both food and energy. Depending on the circumstances, the generation of solar, thermal, geothermal, wind and/or hydro energy can be an integral part of the system.

FAO has developed an analytical framework to assess the sustainability and the possibility to replicate the IFES. This tool was used in Vietnam in 2015, and in Mozambique and Ghana in 2016-2017.