Spain fisheries statistics: production, consumption and trade

Spain is both a large producer and a major consumer of seafood, with a total production of 1.3 million tonnes in 2015 and an annual per capita consumption level of 25.9 kg. On average, Spanish consumers spend EUR 200 per year on seafood (source: MERCASA report, 2016). Spain is the also the top aquaculture producer in the EU, accounting for 22% of total production volume (source: Euro Parl, 2017). Mediterranean mussels are the main farmed species, making up 75% of the total harvest, followed by sea bass and sea bream.

Spain is the 3rd largest seafood importer in the world by value, with imports rising significantly over time from 136 700 tonnes in 1976 to 170 million tonnes in 2016. Among the main imported seafood products are demersal fish (such as cod and hake), cephalopods and crustaceans. Morocco, Ecuador and Argentina are the leading suppliers. Within the EU, Spanish imports originate primarily in Portugal and France (source: EUMOFA, 2016).

In 2016, the value of EU exports of fish and fishery products increased by 3.7 percent compared with 2015 to USD 5.9 billion (external trade only). Atlantic salmon, groundfish, small pelagics and molluscs made up the bulk of the traded species.

The Spanish seafood processing sector is the largest in Europe.  According to 2015 data from CONXEMAR, there are 374 and 201 Spanish companies operating in the seafood processing and marketing sectors respectively, employing 28 266 workers in total. The industry generated a turnover of EUR 12 billion in 2015. Canned tuna is the most significant output of the Spanish processing industry.

 

Graphs and tables are based on statistics prepared by the FAO Statistics and Information Branch, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department

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Bivalves, groundfish and cephalopods

Market Reports

27-09-2022 Quotas for some major groundfish species have been reduced. Cod supplies are expected to be tighter in 2022. Pollock landings from US fisheries may also be lower, and it is uncertain if pollock from the Russian Federation will be available ...
21-09-2022 Supplies of octopus may become tighter, and squid landings in Argentina were very slow in the beginning of the year. Demand is expected to return as COVID-19 restrictions are lifted in many countries. The restaurant sector is particularly important, and ...
20-09-2022 Demand for bivalve was strong in 2021 compared with 2020, as COVID-19 restrictions were lessened in the main consuming countries. Scallop ex-vessel prices of scallops increased by over 50 percent in the United States of America, while mussel prices in ...
16-12-2021 Demand for bivalves continued to rise in the third quarter of 2021, due to the reopening of restaurants in Europe. The reopening of restaurants combined with other foodservice activity boosted summer demand, in particular for high-end priced products including mussels ...
16-12-2021 The cancellation of the fishing agreements between the European Union and Morocco will affect supplies of octopus and squid. Octopus supplies from Mexico and Indonesia are also weak. The squid fisheries in Southwest Atlantic and the East Pacific have been ...

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