FAO in Mozambique

Programmes in Mozambique


Priority area A: Improve selected value chains for food and nutrition security

This priority area contributes to PQG Priority III - Strategic Objective I: “To improve productivity and production in all sectors with emphasis on Agriculture”, which covers aspects related to research, fisheries production, agribusiness, food security and agricultural production. The related UNDAF outcome is “Vulnerable populations are more food secure and better nourished” (UNDAF Prosperity area - Outcome 1).

Approximately 89% of total households are engaged in Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries or Forestry (Pop census, 2007), and agriculture and livestock are the main source of revenue for approximately 55% of households. The agriculture is mainly rain fed with very low production and productivity of the main food crops, as compared to other African countries. There is very limited use of improved agricultural inputs or irrigation and the post -harvest losses are estimated at 30%. Additionally, since the majority of agricultural work is done by women, gender inequality and poor access of women to resources tends to perpetuate low productivity, food insecurity and malnutrition. Indeed, in Mozambique, 24 % of households are food insecure and there is an extremely high level of chronic under-nutrition (43%) which affects almost one in every two children under the age of five years (DHS 2011), being one of the major development concerns for the Government.


The outputs set for the CPF under this priority area (as reflected in Annex 1: CPF Results and Resource Requirements for 2016 – 2020), focus on an enabling an evidence-based and gender responsive policy environment for improved food and nutrition security, where producers from the agriculture and fisheries sectors have the knowledge, capacity and means to engage in the sustainable production of nutritious and safe food for their own consumption and for national and international markets. Addressing food safety issues throughout the agri-food chains supporting the value chain actors for more inclusiveness in the production and marketing systems is a priority. All this combined with an equitable access to resources, linking interventions with social protection aspects, will open opportunities in terms of markets (local, national, regional and international) resulting in increased income levels and improved food security and nutrition for both men and women.


Priority area B: Ensure transparent and sustainable management of natural resources and environment

This priority directly contributes to PQG Priority V - Strategic Objective II: “To ensure the integration of Blue-Green Economy and Green Growth agenda in national development priorities, ensuring conservation of ecosystems, biodiversity and the sustainable use of natural resources”. This government result focuses on environment sustainability including land management and the related UNDAF Outcome is “Most vulnerable people in Mozambique benefit from inclusive, equitable and sustainable management of natural resources and the environment” (UNDAF Planet Area - Outcome 9).

Mozambique is rich in natural resources especially in rural areas where about 70% of the population lives and depends on these resources for its livelihood. There are an estimated 36 million hectares of arable land. Although country’s land law protects the rural poor, through the recognition of customary tenure over land, access to arable land is a controversial issue. Forests cover an area of 54, 8 million hectares (70% of the country’s surface area) and wildlife is rich and diverse with considerable potential for development. The major challenges for the sustainable management and use of natural resources include deforestation, illegal logging, pouching, poor law enforcement and weak knowledge and capacity among institutions and local communities.


The CPF outputs under this priority area (as reflected in Annex 1: CPF Results and Resource Requirements for 2016 – 2020) address Governance of natural resources and environment aiming to improve transparency, inclusiveness and gender sensitiveness. Technical support to key stakeholder platforms and fora and the dissemination of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security are some of the key interventions foreseen.  It will also contribute to develop capacity to design and implement evidence-based policies and investments while introducing and disseminating best practices on sustainable management of natural resources and the environment. Additionally, financial mechanisms for natural resources management will be enhanced to ensure transparent and equitable benefits for the rural communities, with attention to gender equity.


Priority area C: Increase the resilience of livelihoods to climate change, threats and crisis

This priority area directly contributes to PQG Priority V - Strategic Objective III: “To reduce the vulnerability of communities, the economy and the infrastructures to climate risks and natural and man-made disasters”, which addresses environmental management including awareness, disaster response and climate change. The UNDAF Outcome 10 “Communities are more resilient to the impact of climate change and disasters” relates to this government objective.

Mozambique ranks third among the African countries most exposed to risks from multiple weather-related hazards, suffering from periodic floods, cyclones and droughts. Its geographical configuration and location combined with the limited capacity to prevent and mitigate damaging losses represent high levels of risk. More than 60% of the population lives along its 2,700km coastline, and is therefore highly vulnerable to cyclones and storms. Over 25% of the population is exposed to natural hazards. Floods, epidemics and cyclones are the most frequent disasters, although drought affects by far the largest number of people. While strides have been made by the Government of Mozambique and development partners in reducing risks resulting from natural hazards and climate change, key challenges and critical gaps still exist.