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We all know that industrial livestock farming is destroying our ecosystems and damaging the climate. But does that mean going vegan is the only way to save the planet? Not all meat and milk is created equal, and traditional communities around the world raise animals in very different ways, with hugely different environmental impacts.

Year of publication: 2022
Organization: Individual authors 
Topic: Climate change, Environmental services
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

“Grazing with Trees” is a timely report which draws evidence from research, shares experiences from various case studies, and collates valuable knowledge from people on the ground. The report constitutes a solid foundation based on which we can analyse the current situation, discuss the main challenges and threats and, above all, build a roadmap to enhance the benefits provided by dryland silvopastoralism.

Year of publication: 2022
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Climate change, Environmental services, Resilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

This participatory grassland and rangeland assessment (PRAGA) methodology was developed for the assessment of rangelands and grasslands in selected project countries. The methodology was piloted in five countries – Burkina Faso, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Niger and Uruguay – to test its effectiveness and value. Necessary revisions were made to the methodology, based on lessons learned from its application. This document contains background information on global grasslands and rangelands and describes the need and the guiding principle for rangeland health assessments and practical guidance on how to conduct cost-effective assessment.

Year of publication: 2022
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) 
Topic: Environmental services, Innovation, Land, Participation
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Latin America, West Africa, Eastern Africa, Central Asia

This report documents the good practices of rangeland management as a way to inform decisions on rangeland management; and raise awareness about the importance of locally identified management practices. It highlights the fact that these rangeland management practices do not necessarily align with practices as defined by scientists/ecologists. The target audience of this working paper includes decision-makers, land managers, other land users, and scientists.

Year of publication: 2022
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Individual authors 
Topic: Innovation, Land
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Latin America, West Africa, Eastern Africa, Central Asia

This brief provides methodological guidance on the quantification of animal health interventions and their impact on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, on the basis that they deliver multiple benefits to individual farmers and society which could outweigh the costs of the intervention, particularly when considering reduced GHG emissions.

Year of publication: 2022
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Global Dairy Platform 
Topic: Climate change, Environmental services
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

The project contributed to improving the conditions and productivity of agrosilvipastoral landscapes and the capacity to plan land restoration and manage forest and land resources. Livelihood improvements and concrete positive incidence on household income, food security, crops and milk production, and community interactions. It increased awareness and support policy makers developing intervention strategies that address desertification/land degradation and drought.

Year of publication: 2022
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Individual authors 
Topic: Climate change, Economy, Environmental services, Indigenous peoples, Land
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: West Africa, Oceania

The study "Valuing, restoring and managing presumed drylands: Cerrado, Miombo–Mopane woodlands and the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau" confirms the existence of 1 075 million hectares of presumed drylands that are under threat from unsustainable use and climate change. This is in addition to the 6.1 billion hectares of official drylands that already cover 41 percent of the planet’s land surface and are home to 2 billion people. All these areas contain high levels of biodiversity and are home to a large number of people reliant on agriculture to sustain their livelihoods, this is why it's so important to research, analyse and work to protect them. The report contains concrete information on the environmental and ecological value of these dryland areas, and key recommendations for actions to limit land degradation, sustain biodiversity and mitigate climate change.

Year of publication: 2022
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 
Topic: Climate change, Environmental services, Food security, Land
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Global

The FAO partnered with the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP) to understand and document the various business models along the cattle dairy value chain nodes in Ada’a and Sululta districts. Dairy businesses are highly heterogeneous in Ethiopia and, even though most are profitable, milk production, marketing, service, input and other support are not well organized and integrated. Investments to make the dairy value chain more effective should target more institutional than the technical dimensions, which entails a novel approach for veterinary and animal production services.

Year of publication: 2022
Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Individual authors, United States Agency for International Development (USAID) 
Topic: Economy, Value addition
Language: English
Type of document: Technical
Geographical coverage: Eastern Africa
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