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Mali – Analysis of conflicts over natural resources

Due to the economic dominance of the agriculture sector, Mali is extremely dependent on natural resources and also vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. The deterioration of ecosystems has strongly affected rural populations, resulting in a very poor performance in environmental governance. Gender inequalities are also present at all social levels and help create or exacerbate tensions between different social groups. In addition to the social tensions, the security situation in Mali is precarious due to the presence of non-state armed groups.

The conflict analysis was carried out to take stock of the current situation regarding conflicts over natural resources and identify initiatives for conflict prevention and management in the areas covered by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) project “Strengthening the resilience of cross-border pastoral and agropastoral populations in priority areas of the Sahel”, which is funded through the FAO-European Union Partnership Programme under the Global Network Against Food Crises (GNAFC).