Устойчивость к внешним воздействиям

Afghanistan | Humanitarian assistance to Kuchi nomadic pastoralists

May 2021

A coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) impact assessment conducted by FAO at the beginning of the pandemic found a particularly worrying lack of access to livestock feed and deworming medicine for nomadic pastoralists, which would put their livelihoods, already affected by the essential health-related restriction on movements, at serious risk. Kuchis maintain their ancestral lifestyle: they live in remote areas and migrate seasonally. They raise their animals and sell them and their products to local communities for their subsistence. Despite being essential to Afghanistan’s food security through their contribution in terms of animal products and by-products, the majority of Kuchis are poor and live a stressful life. Armed conflict, tribal and ethnic violent disputes, as well as extreme weather shocks, like the severe drought in 2018, have been the main factors challenging the nomadic tribe’s food security. COVID-19 was expected to worsen their still fragile food security situation.

Thanks to the generous support of the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), managed by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), and the Federal Republic of Germany, FAO provided lifesaving support to over 7 900 Kuchi families across eight provinces of Afghanistan (Badakhshan, Balkh, Faryab, Herat, Kandahar, Laghman, Paktika and Samangan). A total of 55 300 people directly benefited from the intervention.

Each household received from FAO a livestock protection package, consisting of 100 kg of concentrated animal feed and veterinary support through the deworming programme. This assistance was complemented with specific livestock management training on the following topics:

  • Appropriate feeding techniques and use of concentrated animal feed for small and large ruminants.
  • Drought mitigation techniques (destocking, supplementary feeding, fodder conservation).
  • Basic and anticipatory animal health care and veterinary services (vaccination campaigns, vaccination timeline, common diseases, ectoparasites, deworming and spraying of livestock barns).

Together with the livestock specific training, Kuchi families were provided with awareness raising sessions on how to prevent and/or minimize the transmission of COVID-19 within their households and local communities/villages, as well as during transhumance and when at the market. They also received N-95 reusable facemasks alongside a set of anti-germ soaps as part of this specific sessions. 

Projects related: 

1. OSRO/GLO/017/CHA – Preventing and responding to the impact of COVID-19 outbreak on food security, also funded by CERF, OCHA, through its Underfunded Emergencies window. 

2. OSRO/AFG/005/GER – Minimizing potential Impacts of COVID-19 on agriculture-livelihoods of vulnerable and food insecure households through Anticipatory actions in Afghanistan, funded by the Federal Republic of Germany.

Author: FAO in Afghanistan

Share this page