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Resilience analysis in Niger 2011

Resilience analysis in Niger 2011
Nov 2015

Niger is a landlocked country historically prone to natural crises – notably droughts, floods and locust infestations – and to political instability. These factors increasingly contribute to chronic food insecurity and high poverty rates. The dangerous interplay between climate change, conflicts, population growth and food price volatility is compounded by the frequency with which they tend to occur and risks pushing Niger and the already poor Sahelian region into a state of permanent crisis.

This state of affairs and the international community’s awareness of the need for more integration between humanitarian aid and development assistance have catalyzed an increased interest toward resilience building. Furthermore, it is important to further clarify the meaning of Resilience in order to better understand the root causes of vulnerability of the affected populations, thereby enabling better designed interventions. 

FAO has been on the front line of resilience measurement since 2008. Together with other key  partners, FAO has been pioneering resilience measurement and analysis with respect to food insecurity through the Resilience Index Measurement and Analysis (RIMA) model, which has been used for undertaking the present analysis. This RIMA identifies and weighs the six pillars and relating factors that contribute to make household resilient to shocks affecting their food security. The resilience analysis in Niger will become part of the World Bank Flagship Report on “The Economics of Resilience in Dry Land Africa”.

The purpose of this study is to explain the role of key variables in determining the current level of resilience of the population in Niger and to provide decision makers with actionable information to inform response planning. This analysis is based on 2011 household data obtained from the National Survey of Household Living Conditions and Agriculture (or ECVMA, according to the French acronym), as part of the Living Standards Measurement Study - Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA) in collaboration with the Niger National Institute of Statistics (NIS). Data are representative at the national- and urban/rural-level. 

The resilience analysis in Niger can be used as baseline to:

  • Critically review the different policies and resilience-building initiatives currently endorsed, promoted and implemented by the Government of Niger with the support of major stakeholders.
  • Assess the evolution of resilience capacity over the years.

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