El derecho a la alimentación en el mundo

  Sri Lanka

La Constitución de la República Socialista Democrática de Sri Lanka enuncia principios rectores de la política estatal que contribuyen a la realización del derecho a una alimentación adecuada.

La República Socialista Democrática de Sri Lanka es un Estado Parte del Pacto Internacional de Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales desde 1980 por vía de adhesión.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

Directive principles of state policy

Article 27:
(1) The Directive Principles of State Policy herein contained shall guide Parliament, the President and the Cabinet of Ministers in the enactment of laws and the governance of Sri Lanka for the establishment of a just and free society.
(2) The State is pledged to establish in Sri Lanka a democratic socialist society, the objectives of which include –
a. the full realization of the fundamental rights and freedoms of all persons; b. the promotion of the welfare of the People by securing and protecting as effectively as it may, a social order in which justice (social, economic and political) shall guide all the institutions of the national life; c. the realization by all citizens of an adequate standard of living for themselves and their families, including adequate food, clothing and housing, the continuous improvement of living conditions and the full enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural opportunities; d. the rapid development of the whole country by means of public and private economic activity and by laws prescribing such planning and controls as may be expedient for directing and co-ordinating such public and private economic activity towards social objectives and the public weal; e. the equitable distribution among all citizens of the material resources of the community and the social product, so as best to subserve the common good; f. the establishment of a just social order in which the means of production, distribution and exchange are not concentrated and centralised in the State, State agencies or in the hands of a privileged few, but are dispersed among and owned by, all the People of Sri Lanka; g. raising the moral and cultural standards of the People and ensuring the full development of human personality; and h. the complete eradication of illiteracy and the assurance to all persons of the right to universal and equal access to education at all levels.”

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Adhesión (1980)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Ratificación (1981)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratificación (1991)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Firma (2007)

Legislación y políticas que reconocen el derecho a una alimentación adecuada

Las Directrices sobre el derecho a la alimentación, refrendadas por el Comité de Seguridad Alimentaria Mundial y aprobadas por el Consejo de la FAO, brindan orientación para lograr la realización progresiva del derecho a una alimentación adecuada en el contexto de la seguridad alimentaria nacional.

Teniendo en cuenta que se puede implementar el derecho humano a una alimentación adecuada a través de varias acciones legales y políticas, lo invitamos a visitar los Perfiles de país en FAOLEX para acceder a una amplia recopilación de medidas adoptadas a nivel nacional. Entre los varios documentos disponibles, encontrará legislación y políticas que se refieren a algunas Directrices relevantes, como la de Acceso a los recursos y bienes (Directriz 8), Inocuidad de los alimentos y protección del consumidor (Directriz 9), Apoyo a los grupos vulnerables (Directriz 13) y Catástrofes naturales y provocadas por el hombre (Directriz 16).

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