The Right to Food around the Globe


The Constitution of the Republic of Mozambique does not explicitly guarantee the right to adequate food.

The Republic of Mozambique is not yet a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).


National status of international obligations

Article 18: “International law-

1. Validly approved and ratified International treaties and agreements shall enter into force in the Mozambican legal order once they have been officially published and while they are internationally binding on the Mozambican State.

2. Norms of international law shall have the same force in the Mozambican legal order as have infra-constitutional legislative acts of the Assembly of the Republic and the Government, according to the respective manner in which they are received.”

Artigo 18: "Direito internacional -

1. Os tratados e acordos internacionais, validamente aprovados e ratificados, vigoram na ordem jurídica moçambicana após a sua publicação oficial e enquanto vincularem internacionalmente o Estado de Moçambique.

2. As normas de direito internacional têm na ordem jurídica interna o mesmo valor que assumem os actos normativos infraconstitucionais emanados da Assembleia da República e do Governo, consoante a sua respectiva forma de recepção.

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 11: “The fundamental objectives of the Republic of Mozambique shall be:  
c) the building of a society of social justice and the achievement of material and spiritual well being and quality of life for its citizens;  
e) the defence and promotion of human rights and of the equality of citizens before the law”.

Artigo 11: "O Estado moçambicano tem como objectivos fundamentais:

c) a edificação de uma sociedade de justiça social e a criação do bem-estar material, espiritual e de qualidade de vida dos cidadãos;

e) a defesa e a promoção dos direitos humanos e da igualdade dos cidadãos perante a lei;


Article 97: “The economic and social order of the Republic of Mozambique shall aim to satisfy the basic needs of the people and to promote social well being [...]”.

Artigo 97: "A organização económica e social da República de Moçambique visam a satisfação das necessidades essenciais da população e a promoção do bem-estar social [...]"


Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966


Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (1997)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratification (1994)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratification (2012)

Legislation and policies recognizing the right to adequate food

Guidance on how to progressively realise the human right to adequate food in contexts of national food security has been provided by the Right to Food Guidelines, adopted by the FAO Council and endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security.

Considering that the human right to adequate food can be implemented through a variety of legal and policy actions, we invite you to visit the FAOLEX Country Profile database for a wide-ranging collection of measures that have been taken at national level. Some of the documents you may find are legislation and policies that touch on a number of relevant Guidelines, such as those on Access to resources and assets (Guideline 8), Food safety and consumer protection (Guideline 9), Support for vulnerable groups (Guideline 13) and Natural and human-made disasters (Guideline 16).

Here below you can find policies and legislation that explicitly mention the right to food

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