El derecho a la alimentación en el mundo

  Turquía

La Constitución de la República de Turquía no protege de manera explícita el derecho a una alimentación adecuada.

La República de Turquía es un Estado Parte del Pacto Internacional de Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales desde 2003 por vía de ratificación.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

National status of international obligations

Article 90: “International agreements duly put into effect bear the force of law. No appeal to the Constitutional Court shall be made with regard to these agreements, on the grounds that they are unconstitutional. In the case of a conflict between international agreements in the area of fundamental rights and freedoms duly put into effect and the domestic laws due to differences in provisions on the same matter, the provisions of international agreements shall prevail.”

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 5: “The fundamental aims and duties of the state are; to safeguard the independence and integrity of the Turkish Nation, the indivisibility of the country, the Republic and democracy; to ensure the welfare, peace, and happiness of the individual and society; to strive for the removal of political, social and economic obstacles which restrict the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual in a manner incompatible with the principles of justice and of the social state governed by the rule of law; and to provide the conditions required for the development of the individual’s material and spiritual existence.”

Article 49: “Everyone has the right and duty to work. The State shall take the necessary measures to raise the standard of living of workers, and to protect workers and the unemployed in order to improve the general conditions of labour, to promote labour, to create suitable economic conditions for prevention of unemployment and to secure labour peace.”

Article 55: “Wages shall be paid in return for work.  The state shall take the necessary measures to ensure that workers earn a fair wage commensurate with the work they perform and that they enjoy other social benefits. In determining the minimum wage, the living conditions of the workers and the economic situation of the country shall be taken into account.”

Article 61: “The state shall protect the widows and orphans of those killed in war and in the line of duty, together with the disabled and war veterans, and ensure that they enjoy a decent standard of living.”

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Ratificación (2003)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Adhesión (1985)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratificación (1995)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratificación (2009)

Legislación y políticas que reconocen el derecho a una alimentación adecuada

Las Directrices sobre el derecho a la alimentación, refrendadas por el Comité de Seguridad Alimentaria Mundial y aprobadas por el Consejo de la FAO, brindan orientación para lograr la realización progresiva del derecho a una alimentación adecuada en el contexto de la seguridad alimentaria nacional.

Teniendo en cuenta que se puede implementar el derecho humano a una alimentación adecuada a través de varias acciones legales y políticas, lo invitamos a visitar los Perfiles de país en FAOLEX para acceder a una amplia recopilación de medidas adoptadas a nivel nacional. Entre los varios documentos disponibles, encontrará legislación y políticas que se refieren a algunas Directrices relevantes, como la de Acceso a los recursos y bienes (Directriz 8), Inocuidad de los alimentos y protección del consumidor (Directriz 9), Apoyo a los grupos vulnerables (Directriz 13) y Catástrofes naturales y provocadas por el hombre (Directriz 16).

A continuación, encontrará políticas y legislación que mencionan explícitamente el derecho a la alimentación.

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