可持续发展目标

指标 2.1.1 - 食物不足发生率

食物不足发生率(PoU)是惯常食物消费量不足以提供维持正常活动和健康生活所需的饮食能量水平的人口比例估值。 它以百分比表示。 该指标用于衡量可持续发展具体目标2.1项的进展状况

具体目标 2.1

到 2030 年, 消除饥饿, 确保所有人, 特别是穷人和弱势群体, 包括婴儿, 全年都有安全、营养和充足的食物。

 

 

 

 

 

 

2000年和2021年各区域食物不足人口比例 (英文)

影响

食物不足发生率使各国有机会利用与过去相一致的方式,跟踪在消除食物不足方面取得的进展。

其与指标2.1.2共为制定循证决策的理想选择,以确保涵括所有人及地区,致力于将全球饥饿数字降至零。

营养不良指一个人在全年无法获得足够的食物来满足每日最低膳食能量需求。 粮农组织将饥饿与长期营养不良定义为同义词。

Key results

The number of undernourished persons has risen sharply over the past two years, with up to 828 million people in the world facing hunger in 2021. 

After remaining virtually unchanged for five years, FAO estimates of the prevalence of undernourishment in the world increased from 8 percent in 2019 to around 9.3 percent in 2020, and then further to 9.8 percent in 2021. Given current estimates of the world population, this implies that up to 828 million people may have faced hunger in 2021 globally. 

Across world regions, hunger numbers continue to depict significant disparities. Compared to 2015, the situation has worsened significantly everywhere; in addition to Africa, increases were also seen in Asia (+ 1.1 percentage points) and, of particular concern, in Latin America and the Caribbean (+ 2.8 percentage points). 

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