SDG Indicators Data Portal

SDG 02 - Zero Hunger
Indicator 2.1.1 - Prevalence of undernourishment

The prevalence of undernourishment (PoU) is an estimate of the proportion of the population whose habitual food consumption is insufficient to provide the dietary energy levels that are required to maintain a normal active and healthy life. It is expressed as a percentage. This indicator will measure progress towards SDG Target 2.1.

Target 2.1

By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.

Indicator 2.1.1: Progress Assessment

The PoU offers countries a measure to track progress made in stamping out hunger in a way consistent with the past. Together with indicator 2.1.2, this is ideal for evidence-based policymaking to ensure no one and no area is left behind and to bring the global hunger figure down to zero.

Undernourishment means that a person is not able to acquire enough food to meet the daily minimum dietary energy requirements, over a period of one year. FAO defines hunger as being synonymous with chronic undernourishment.

Key results

Global hunger remained relatively unchanged from 2021 to 2022 but is still far above the levels prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, affecting around 9.2 percent of the world population in 2022 compared to 7.9 percent in 2019. Between 691 and 783 million people in the world faced hunger in 2022.

Global hunger remained relatively unchanged from 2021 to 2022, although it remains far above levels before the COVID-19 pandemic, which caused a tremendous setback in the progress towards Zero Hunger. After increasing sharply in 2020 in the midst of the pandemic, and rising more slowly in 2021 to 9.3 percent, the prevalence of undernourishment ceased to increase from 2021 to 2022.

Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the largest proportion of the population affected by hunger in 2022 (22.5 percent), and where it has increased the most since the launch of the 2030 Agenda in 2015 (+4.3 percentage points). The proportion of people suffering from hunger is 15.2 percent in Central Asia and Southern Asia, 9.2 percent in Western Asia and Northern Africa, 7 percent in Oceania, and 6.5 percent in Latin America and the Caribbean. It remains below 2.5 percent (i.e. the lowest value that can be reliably reported with current estimation methods) for Eastern Asia and South-eastern Asia and for Northern America and Europe.

SDG Indicator 2.1.1 - Prevalence of Undernourishment (PoU)

This course focuses on SDG Indicator 2.1.1, which is one of two indicators that focus on food insecurity. The PoU is an estimate of the proportion...

SDG 2 – Indicators of hunger and severity of food insecurity

An overview of SDG indicators 2.1.1 and 2.1.2, measuring hunger and severity of food insecurity. 

Tracking progress on food and agriculture-related SDG indicators (2022)

Tracking progress on food and agriculture-related SDG indicators offers detailed analyses and trends on selected indicators for which...

Capacity development



Virtual Event, 10/02/2021

Despite the world's commitment to end hunger by 2030, recent findings show that the world is not on track to achieve this crucial target. Furthermore, it is estimated that the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic has added from 83 to 132 million people to the total number of undernourished in the world in 2020, making the achievement of the target even more difficult. To address this worrying tre...





Naypyidaw (Myanmar (Burma)), 26/08/2019 - 30/08/2019

The proposed training workshop aimed to provide information on SDG indicator 2.1.1 (PoU) as part of the ongoing regional project 'TCP/RAS/3618: Strengthening the Capacity for Monitoring Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in the Context of SDGs 2 and 12'. The PoU is an estimate of the proportion of the population whose habitual food consumption is insufficient to provide the dietary en...