Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible

Indicador 2.1.2 - Prevalencia de inseguridad alimentaria moderada o grave en la población, según la Escala de Experiencia de Inseguridad Alimentaria

Este indicador proporciona estimaciones internacionalmente comparables de la proporción de la población que tiene dificultades moderadas o graves para acceder a los alimentos. La escala de experiencia de inseguridad alimentaria mide la gravedad de la inseguridad alimentaria que padecen los individuos o las familias sobre la base de entrevistas directas. El indicador medirá los progresos hacia la consecución de la meta 2.1 de los ODS.

Meta 2.1

De aquí a 2030, poner fin al hambre y asegurar el acceso de todas las personas, en particular los pobres y las personas en situaciones de vulnerabilidad, incluidos los niños menores de 1 año, a una alimentación sana, nutritiva y suficiente durante todo el año.

Prevalencia de la inseguridad alimentaria moderada o grave (%) (en inglés)

Impacto

La escala ofrece información práctica que los encargados de formular políticas pueden utilizar para identificar grupos de población vulnerable y orientar las intervenciones en materia de políticas a fin de lograr que no se deje a nadie atrás. Como medida directa del acceso de las personas a una alimentación adecuada, complementa la información proporcionada por el indicador 2.1.1 de los ODS.

Key results

Global food insecurity, which rose sharply in 2020, remained at a high level in 2021. Moreover, severe food insecurity continued to increase, and reached 11.7 percent in 2021. 

The estimated prevalence of food insecurity at the global level (counting both moderate and severe levels) increased from 21.2 percent in 2014 – when FAO first started collecting FIES data – to 25.4 percent in 2019. It took a sharp upturn in 2020, rising nearly as much in one year as over the previous five years combined. The overall estimate stood at 29.5 percent that year, with the levels for both moderate and severe food insecurity increasing from 2019 to 2020 (from 9.3 to 10.9 percent for severe food insecurity, and from 16.1 to 18.6 percent for moderate food insecurity), mainly due to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

The estimates for 2021 indicate that while the prevalence of moderate and severe food insecurity combined remained constant, severe food insecurity increased significantly, from 10.9 percent in 2020 to 11.7 percent in 2021. These figures provide convincing evidence that the pandemic has negatively affected people’s ability to access food, and mainly for those who were already facing serious hardships.  Millions of those who were experiencing moderate levels of food insecurity were pushed into severe food insecurity – and possibly hunger. 

Out  of a total of 2.3 billion people suffering from food insecurity in 2021, 1.15 billion were in Asia, 795 million in Africa, 268 million in Latin America and the Caribbean, and 89 million in Northern America and Europe. While the shares of those suffering severe food insecurity in those suffering moderate and severe food insecurity combined are rather similar in Asia, Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean, they are significantly lower in Northern America and Europe. 

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