Objectifs de développement durable

Indicateur 2.1.2 - Prévalence d'une insécurité alimentaire modérée ou grave, évaluée selon l'échelle de mesure de l’insécurité alimentaire vécue

Cet indicateur fournit des estimations comparables à l’échelle mondiale de la proportion de la population qui rencontre des difficultés de niveau modéré ou grave en matière d’accès à la nourriture. L’échelle de mesure de l’insécurité alimentaire vécue (échelle FIES) permet d’évaluer la gravité de l’insécurité alimentaire des personnes ou des ménages à partir d’entretiens directs. Cet indicateur mesure les progrès accomplis au regard de la cible 2.1 des ODD.

Cible 2.1

D’ici à 2030, éliminer la faim et faire en sorte que chacun, en particulier les pauvres et les personnes en situation vulnérable, y compris les nourrissons, ait accès toute l’année à une alimentation saine, nutritive et suffisante.

Prévalence d’une insécurité alimentaire modérée ou grave dans la population adulte (%) (en anglais)

Impact

L’échelle FIES procure des informations concrètes qui peuvent être exploitées par les responsables politiques pour recenser les populations vulnérables et orienter les interventions de sorte que personne ne soit laissé pour compte. Mesure directe de l’accès de la population à une alimentation adéquate, elle complète les informations fournies par l’indicateur 2.1.1 des ODD.

Key results

Global food insecurity, which rose sharply in 2020, remained at a high level in 2021. Moreover, severe food insecurity continued to increase, and reached 11.7 percent in 2021. 

The estimated prevalence of food insecurity at the global level (counting both moderate and severe levels) increased from 21.2 percent in 2014 – when FAO first started collecting FIES data – to 25.4 percent in 2019. It took a sharp upturn in 2020, rising nearly as much in one year as over the previous five years combined. The overall estimate stood at 29.5 percent that year, with the levels for both moderate and severe food insecurity increasing from 2019 to 2020 (from 9.3 to 10.9 percent for severe food insecurity, and from 16.1 to 18.6 percent for moderate food insecurity), mainly due to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

The estimates for 2021 indicate that while the prevalence of moderate and severe food insecurity combined remained constant, severe food insecurity increased significantly, from 10.9 percent in 2020 to 11.7 percent in 2021. These figures provide convincing evidence that the pandemic has negatively affected people’s ability to access food, and mainly for those who were already facing serious hardships.  Millions of those who were experiencing moderate levels of food insecurity were pushed into severe food insecurity – and possibly hunger. 

Out  of a total of 2.3 billion people suffering from food insecurity in 2021, 1.15 billion were in Asia, 795 million in Africa, 268 million in Latin America and the Caribbean, and 89 million in Northern America and Europe. While the shares of those suffering severe food insecurity in those suffering moderate and severe food insecurity combined are rather similar in Asia, Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean, they are significantly lower in Northern America and Europe. 

En évidence

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