Agroecology Knowledge Hub

The 10 Elements of Agroecology

In guiding countries to transform their food and agricultural systems, to mainstream sustainable agriculture on a large scale, and to achieve Zero Hunger and multiple other SDGs, the following 10 Elements emanated from the FAO regional seminars on agroecology.


The 10 Elements of Agroecology are interlinked and interdependent.


As an analytical tool, the 10 Elements can help countries to operationalise agroecology. By identifying important properties of agroecological systems and approaches, as well as key considerations in developing an enabling environment for agroecology, the 10 Elements are a guide for policymakers, practitioners and stakeholders in planning, managing and evaluating agroecological transitions.


Diversity: diversification is key to agroecological transitions to ensure food security and nutrition while conserving, protecting and enhancing natural resources.

Co-creation of knowledge and transdisciplinary approaches for innovation

Co-creation and sharing of knowledge: agricultural innovations respond better to local challenges when they are co-created through participatory processes.


Synergies: building synergies enhances key functions across food systems, supporting production and multiple ecosystem services.


Efficiency: innovative agroecological practices produce more using less external resources.


Recycling: more recycling means agricultural production with lower economic and environmental costs.


Resilience: enhanced resilience of people, communities and ecosystems is key to sustainable food and agricultural systems.

Human and social value

Human and social values: protecting and improving rural livelihoods, equity and social well-being is essential for sustainable food and agricultural systems.

Culture and food traditions

Culture and food traditions: by supporting healthy, diversified and culturally appropriate diets, agroecology contributes to food security and nutrition while maintaining the health of ecosystems.

Land and natural resources governance

Responsible governance: sustainable food and agriculture requires responsible and effective governance mechanisms at different scales – from local to national to global.

Circular economy

Circular and solidarity economy: circular and solidarity economies that reconnect producers and consumers provide innovative solutions for living within our planetary boundaries while ensuring the social foundation for inclusive and sustainable development.