What problem did it address, where?
In the area of livestock, policy can have a considerable impact on the livelihoods of poor producers. FAO, through its Pro Poor Livestock Policy Initiative (PPLPI), has worked with a number of State governments in India undertaking reform of the livestock sector, to ensure in particular that their livestock services reforms did not discriminate against the poor (most advanced in the state of Andhra Pradesh). Other examples of work of PPLPI include the policy reform of the pig sector in Vietnam; the harmonization of zoo-sanitary legislation and livestock service reform for enhanced intra-UEMOA livestock trade; development policy for the camelid sector (domestic and wild) in Peru; and Trypanosomiasis control policy development, and dairy policy development in Uganda.
Livestock-related policies may include production and export subsidies, domestic market organisation, movement controls, sanitary inspection (for instance the regulatory framework under which para veterinarians operate), prohibition of certain production practices, etc. Given this range of policy instruments, each intervention is dependent on the context (subject, motivation for policy change, nature of internal political process). This makes it difficult to generalise on a single approach to be taken to ensure that pro-poor considerations are not overlooked in livestock policy reform. However, FAO's PPLPI has published case studies, position and working papers, and run technical and expert meetings both at headquarters and in the various regions to promote the fact that FAO has a capacity to address these issues, and these have provided a useful entry point to discussion with policy makers. FAO Representatives have also been vital in establishing dialogue with national and state partners to ensure that the Pro-Poor perspective is understood.
Wherever national authorities are undertaking reform of livestock policy; where regional instruments which regulate aspects of livestock trade are under review