||Guidelines for participatory training and extension in farmer's water management (PT&E-FWM)
||Participatory Training and Extension (PT&E) is a training and extension approach that
on a participatory analysis of the constraints and opportunities and based on the outcome
analysis the introduction of new and appropriate technologies. Group based extension and
training activities that enhance farmers’ capacities and skills, as well as capacity building
staff involved in the extension activities go hand in hand.
Participatory Training and Extension is a tool to reach the goal of improved Farmers’ Water Management involving and supporting farmers. In order to support farmers and increase capacity in FWM they need training and support for the introduction of technologies. The main objective of PT&E is to empower farmers in order to develop, modify and diffuse appropriate and sustainable new technologies.
The programme for Participatory Training and Extension in Farmers’ Water Management
(PT&E-FWM) was developed within the framework of the FAO- Special Programme for Food
Security. It has been implemented and tested in several countries (Zambia, Nepal, Cambodia and
Bangladesh). Learning from the successes and mistakes of the first pilot projects, the programme
has evolved over a number of years in a more improved and definite format.
The PT&E-FWM programme incorporates the concept of the Farmer Field School (FFS)
introduced under the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programme. The FFS approach has
enjoyed remarkable success as it showed that farmers can become experts at analyzing specific
problems related to their farming activities and make informed decisions about necessary
interventions. The PT&E-FWM programme is also partly based on staff training methodologies
developed under the Farmers’ Water Management Training
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